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Dietary intake of calcium, vitamin D, phosphorus and the risk of prostate cancer.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

A relation of prostate cancer risk with calcium, vitamin D and phosphorus has been suggested, but remains controversial.

METHODS

A case-control study was conducted in Italy in 1991-2002. Cases were 1294 men with incident prostate cancer, and controls were 1451 men admitted to hospital for acute non-neoplastic diseases. Odds ratios (OR) and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using unconditional multiple logistic regression.

RESULTS

Compared to the lowest one quintile of dietary calcium intake the OR was 1.18 for the highest, 1.01 for an increment of 622 mg/day of calcium, and 1.29 (95% CI 0.78-2.13) for 2000 mg/day or more of calcium. The OR of prostate cancer for the highest quintile of dietary intake of vitamin D and phosphorus were 1.33 and 1.20 respectively.

CONCLUSIONS

This study shows no material association of dietary intake of calcium, vitamin D and phosphorus with prostate cancer risk.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, Via Eritrea 62, 20157 Milano, Italy. tavani@marionegri.it

    , , , , , ,

    Source

    European urology 48:1 2005 Jul pg 27-33

    MeSH

    Aged
    Animals
    Calcium, Dietary
    Case-Control Studies
    Cheese
    Follow-Up Studies
    Food Preferences
    Humans
    Incidence
    Italy
    Male
    Middle Aged
    Milk
    Odds Ratio
    Phosphorus, Dietary
    Prostatic Neoplasms
    Retrospective Studies
    Risk Factors
    Surveys and Questionnaires
    Vitamin D

    Pub Type(s)

    Comparative Study
    Journal Article
    Multicenter Study
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    15967248

    Citation

    Tavani, Alessandra, et al. "Dietary Intake of Calcium, Vitamin D, Phosphorus and the Risk of Prostate Cancer." European Urology, vol. 48, no. 1, 2005, pp. 27-33.
    Tavani A, Bertuccio P, Bosetti C, et al. Dietary intake of calcium, vitamin D, phosphorus and the risk of prostate cancer. Eur Urol. 2005;48(1):27-33.
    Tavani, A., Bertuccio, P., Bosetti, C., Talamini, R., Negri, E., Franceschi, S., ... La Vecchia, C. (2005). Dietary intake of calcium, vitamin D, phosphorus and the risk of prostate cancer. European Urology, 48(1), pp. 27-33.
    Tavani A, et al. Dietary Intake of Calcium, Vitamin D, Phosphorus and the Risk of Prostate Cancer. Eur Urol. 2005;48(1):27-33. PubMed PMID: 15967248.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary intake of calcium, vitamin D, phosphorus and the risk of prostate cancer. AU - Tavani,Alessandra, AU - Bertuccio,Paola, AU - Bosetti,Cristina, AU - Talamini,Renato, AU - Negri,Eva, AU - Franceschi,Silvia, AU - Montella,Maurizio, AU - La Vecchia,Carlo, Y1 - 2005/04/08/ PY - 2005/01/11/received PY - 2005/03/22/accepted PY - 2005/6/22/pubmed PY - 2005/10/28/medline PY - 2005/6/22/entrez SP - 27 EP - 33 JF - European urology JO - Eur. Urol. VL - 48 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVES: A relation of prostate cancer risk with calcium, vitamin D and phosphorus has been suggested, but remains controversial. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted in Italy in 1991-2002. Cases were 1294 men with incident prostate cancer, and controls were 1451 men admitted to hospital for acute non-neoplastic diseases. Odds ratios (OR) and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using unconditional multiple logistic regression. RESULTS: Compared to the lowest one quintile of dietary calcium intake the OR was 1.18 for the highest, 1.01 for an increment of 622 mg/day of calcium, and 1.29 (95% CI 0.78-2.13) for 2000 mg/day or more of calcium. The OR of prostate cancer for the highest quintile of dietary intake of vitamin D and phosphorus were 1.33 and 1.20 respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows no material association of dietary intake of calcium, vitamin D and phosphorus with prostate cancer risk. SN - 0302-2838 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15967248/Dietary_intake_of_calcium_vitamin_D_phosphorus_and_the_risk_of_prostate_cancer_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0302-2838(05)00192-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -