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Family adversity in DSM-IV ADHD combined and inattentive subtypes and associated disruptive behavior problems.
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2005 Jul; 44(7):690-8.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

This study evaluated the relationship between a family adversity index and DSM-IV attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) subtypes and associated behavior problems. The relationship of family adversity to symptoms and subtypes of ADHD was examined.

METHOD

Parents and 206 children aged 7-13 completed diagnostic interviews and rating scales about socioeconomic status, parental lifetime psychiatric disorders, marital conflict, and stressful life events.

RESULTS

Children with ADHD combined type experienced more risk factors than community controls (p = .002) or children with ADHD predominantly inattentive type (p = .02). The families of children with ADHD combined type described more risk factors associated with family adversity than the families of children with ADHD inattentive type and the control group. Parent-rated symptoms of child inattention/disorganization were related uniquely to the adversity index score independently of conduct disorder symptoms. Children's perceptions of marital conflict were independently related to inattention and hyperactivity behaviors as rated by parents and teachers after control of all other risk factors. Oppositional defiant symptoms were independently related to marital conflict and maternal psychopathology, whereas conduct disorder symptoms were uniquely related to low socioeconomic status and maternal psychopathology.

CONCLUSIONS

Family adversity is related to ADHD combined type in children and may be related specifically to ADHD symptoms in addition to conduct disorder symptoms.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15968238

Citation

Counts, Carla A., et al. "Family Adversity in DSM-IV ADHD Combined and Inattentive Subtypes and Associated Disruptive Behavior Problems." Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, vol. 44, no. 7, 2005, pp. 690-8.
Counts CA, Nigg JT, Stawicki JA, et al. Family adversity in DSM-IV ADHD combined and inattentive subtypes and associated disruptive behavior problems. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2005;44(7):690-8.
Counts, C. A., Nigg, J. T., Stawicki, J. A., Rappley, M. D., & von Eye, A. (2005). Family adversity in DSM-IV ADHD combined and inattentive subtypes and associated disruptive behavior problems. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 44(7), 690-8.
Counts CA, et al. Family Adversity in DSM-IV ADHD Combined and Inattentive Subtypes and Associated Disruptive Behavior Problems. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2005;44(7):690-8. PubMed PMID: 15968238.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Family adversity in DSM-IV ADHD combined and inattentive subtypes and associated disruptive behavior problems. AU - Counts,Carla A, AU - Nigg,Joel T, AU - Stawicki,Julie Ann, AU - Rappley,Marsha D, AU - von Eye,Alexander, PY - 2005/6/22/pubmed PY - 2005/9/16/medline PY - 2005/6/22/entrez SP - 690 EP - 8 JF - Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry JO - J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry VL - 44 IS - 7 N2 - OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the relationship between a family adversity index and DSM-IV attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) subtypes and associated behavior problems. The relationship of family adversity to symptoms and subtypes of ADHD was examined. METHOD: Parents and 206 children aged 7-13 completed diagnostic interviews and rating scales about socioeconomic status, parental lifetime psychiatric disorders, marital conflict, and stressful life events. RESULTS: Children with ADHD combined type experienced more risk factors than community controls (p = .002) or children with ADHD predominantly inattentive type (p = .02). The families of children with ADHD combined type described more risk factors associated with family adversity than the families of children with ADHD inattentive type and the control group. Parent-rated symptoms of child inattention/disorganization were related uniquely to the adversity index score independently of conduct disorder symptoms. Children's perceptions of marital conflict were independently related to inattention and hyperactivity behaviors as rated by parents and teachers after control of all other risk factors. Oppositional defiant symptoms were independently related to marital conflict and maternal psychopathology, whereas conduct disorder symptoms were uniquely related to low socioeconomic status and maternal psychopathology. CONCLUSIONS: Family adversity is related to ADHD combined type in children and may be related specifically to ADHD symptoms in addition to conduct disorder symptoms. SN - 0890-8567 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15968238/Family_adversity_in_DSM_IV_ADHD_combined_and_inattentive_subtypes_and_associated_disruptive_behavior_problems_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0890-8567(09)61659-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -