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Combat stress reactions, posttraumatic stress disorder, cumulative life stress, and physical health among Israeli veterans twenty years after exposure to combat.
Soc Sci Med. 2005 Sep; 61(6):1267-77.SS

Abstract

This study examined the association of initial combat stress reaction (CSR), chronic post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and cumulative life stress on physical health 20 years after the 1982 war with Lebanon, in a sample of 504 Israeli veterans of the war. Two groups were assessed: male veterans who fought and suffered from CSR and a matched group of male veterans from the same units who did not exhibit such reactions. Twenty years following the war, participants were asked to rate their general physical health status, report health complaints and risk behaviors, and were screened for PTSD. CSR and, to a greater extent, PTSD, were found to be associated with general self-rated health, chronic diseases and physical symptoms, and greater engagement in risk behaviors. CSR and PTSD were also related to greater cumulative life stress since the war. Both negative and positive life events were independently related to most of the physical health measures but did not account for the associations of CSR and PTSD with poorer health. Tests of the interactions between CSR, PTSD and life stress in their association with physical health and risk behaviors showed that PTSD suppressed the effects of additional life stress (negative life events had a weaker effect on health among participants with PTSD).

Authors+Show Affiliations

Bob Shapell School of Social Work, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel. benyael@post.tau.ac.ilNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15970236

Citation

Benyamini, Yael, and Zahava Solomon. "Combat Stress Reactions, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Cumulative Life Stress, and Physical Health Among Israeli Veterans Twenty Years After Exposure to Combat." Social Science & Medicine (1982), vol. 61, no. 6, 2005, pp. 1267-77.
Benyamini Y, Solomon Z. Combat stress reactions, posttraumatic stress disorder, cumulative life stress, and physical health among Israeli veterans twenty years after exposure to combat. Soc Sci Med. 2005;61(6):1267-77.
Benyamini, Y., & Solomon, Z. (2005). Combat stress reactions, posttraumatic stress disorder, cumulative life stress, and physical health among Israeli veterans twenty years after exposure to combat. Social Science & Medicine (1982), 61(6), 1267-77.
Benyamini Y, Solomon Z. Combat Stress Reactions, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Cumulative Life Stress, and Physical Health Among Israeli Veterans Twenty Years After Exposure to Combat. Soc Sci Med. 2005;61(6):1267-77. PubMed PMID: 15970236.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Combat stress reactions, posttraumatic stress disorder, cumulative life stress, and physical health among Israeli veterans twenty years after exposure to combat. AU - Benyamini,Yael, AU - Solomon,Zahava, Y1 - 2005/03/02/ PY - 2004/10/14/received PY - 2005/01/25/accepted PY - 2005/6/23/pubmed PY - 2005/10/29/medline PY - 2005/6/23/entrez SP - 1267 EP - 77 JF - Social science & medicine (1982) JO - Soc Sci Med VL - 61 IS - 6 N2 - This study examined the association of initial combat stress reaction (CSR), chronic post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and cumulative life stress on physical health 20 years after the 1982 war with Lebanon, in a sample of 504 Israeli veterans of the war. Two groups were assessed: male veterans who fought and suffered from CSR and a matched group of male veterans from the same units who did not exhibit such reactions. Twenty years following the war, participants were asked to rate their general physical health status, report health complaints and risk behaviors, and were screened for PTSD. CSR and, to a greater extent, PTSD, were found to be associated with general self-rated health, chronic diseases and physical symptoms, and greater engagement in risk behaviors. CSR and PTSD were also related to greater cumulative life stress since the war. Both negative and positive life events were independently related to most of the physical health measures but did not account for the associations of CSR and PTSD with poorer health. Tests of the interactions between CSR, PTSD and life stress in their association with physical health and risk behaviors showed that PTSD suppressed the effects of additional life stress (negative life events had a weaker effect on health among participants with PTSD). SN - 0277-9536 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15970236/Combat_stress_reactions_posttraumatic_stress_disorder_cumulative_life_stress_and_physical_health_among_Israeli_veterans_twenty_years_after_exposure_to_combat_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0277-9536(05)00060-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -