Treatment of end-of-dose wearing-off in parkinson's disease: stalevo (levodopa/carbidopa/entacapone) and levodopa/DDCI given in combination with Comtess/Comtan (entacapone) provide equivalent improvements in symptom control superior to that of traditional levodopa/DDCI treatment.Eur Neurol. 2005; 53(4):197-202.EN
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the new optimised levodopa, Stalevo (levodopa, carbidopa and entacapone) in patients with Parkinson's disease experiencing end-of-dose wearing-off. Treatment with Stalevo was compared to treatment with traditional immediate-release levodopa and dopa-decarboxylase inhibitor (DDCI) formulations along with adjunct entacapone (Comtess/Comtan). A European, open, parallel-group, active treatment-controlled phase IIIb study evaluating 176 patients randomised to switch from their current regimen of levodopa/DDCI to either an equivalent dose of Stalevo or levodopa/DDCI plus entacapone. After 6 weeks, treatments were assessed using the Clinical Global Impression of Change, the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale and a Motor Fluctuations Questionnaire. Over 70% of patients in both the Stalevo and adjunct entacapone arms felt that they were clinically improved and over 80% experienced a reduction in fluctuations. Although there was no significant difference between Stalevo and levodopa/DDCI plus entacapone with regard to motor improvement and side effects, 81% of patients stated that they preferred treatment with Stalevo compared with taking two separate tablets (i.e. levodopa/DDCI and entacapone). Stalevo was well tolerated and safe when substituted for levodopa DDCI preparations.