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Obesity, overweight and thinness in schoolchildren of the city of Florianópolis, Southern Brazil.
Eur J Clin Nutr 2005; 59(9):1015-21EJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To assess the prevalence of obesity, overweight (including obesity) and thinness in children of the city of Florianopolis (southern Brazil).

DESIGN

Cross-sectional study.

SUBJECTS

Representative sample of 7-10-y-old schoolchildren of the first four grades of elementary schools (1432 girls, 1504 boys).

METHODS

Measurements of weight, height and triceps skinfold thickness (TSF) were taken following standard techniques. The body mass index (BMI) was computed as weight/height2. Nutritional status was defined using two references: (1) the Must et al reference for BMI and TSF to define thinness, overweight and obesity (5th, 85th and 95th percentiles, respectively); (2) the International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) BMI cutoffs to define overweight and obesity.

RESULTS

Using BMI, according to the Must et al, and IOTF references, the prevalence of obesity was 10.6 and 5.5%, respectively; overweight (including obesity) affected 26.2 and 22.1% of children, respectively. According to the Must et al reference, the prevalence of thinness was 3.2%. Using TSF rather than BMI, according to the Must et al references, fewer children were classified as obese (8.0%) or overweight (20.2%) and more children were classified as thin (4.9%).

CONCLUSION

This study supports the previously reported high frequencies of childhood overweight and obesity in developing countries. The data allow comparisons with other studies carried out in Brazil and other parts of the world.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition, Santa Catarina Federal University, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil. fdeassis@terra.com.brNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15970941

Citation

de Assis, M A A., et al. "Obesity, Overweight and Thinness in Schoolchildren of the City of Florianópolis, Southern Brazil." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 59, no. 9, 2005, pp. 1015-21.
de Assis MA, Rolland-Cachera MF, Grosseman S, et al. Obesity, overweight and thinness in schoolchildren of the city of Florianópolis, Southern Brazil. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2005;59(9):1015-21.
de Assis, M. A., Rolland-Cachera, M. F., Grosseman, S., de Vasconcelos, F. A., Luna, M. E., Calvo, M. C., ... Bellisle, F. (2005). Obesity, overweight and thinness in schoolchildren of the city of Florianópolis, Southern Brazil. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 59(9), pp. 1015-21.
de Assis MA, et al. Obesity, Overweight and Thinness in Schoolchildren of the City of Florianópolis, Southern Brazil. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2005;59(9):1015-21. PubMed PMID: 15970941.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Obesity, overweight and thinness in schoolchildren of the city of Florianópolis, Southern Brazil. AU - de Assis,M A A, AU - Rolland-Cachera,M F, AU - Grosseman,S, AU - de Vasconcelos,F A G, AU - Luna,M E P, AU - Calvo,M C M, AU - Barros,M V G, AU - Pires,M M S, AU - Bellisle,F, PY - 2005/6/23/pubmed PY - 2005/12/13/medline PY - 2005/6/23/entrez SP - 1015 EP - 21 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 59 IS - 9 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of obesity, overweight (including obesity) and thinness in children of the city of Florianopolis (southern Brazil). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: Representative sample of 7-10-y-old schoolchildren of the first four grades of elementary schools (1432 girls, 1504 boys). METHODS: Measurements of weight, height and triceps skinfold thickness (TSF) were taken following standard techniques. The body mass index (BMI) was computed as weight/height2. Nutritional status was defined using two references: (1) the Must et al reference for BMI and TSF to define thinness, overweight and obesity (5th, 85th and 95th percentiles, respectively); (2) the International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) BMI cutoffs to define overweight and obesity. RESULTS: Using BMI, according to the Must et al, and IOTF references, the prevalence of obesity was 10.6 and 5.5%, respectively; overweight (including obesity) affected 26.2 and 22.1% of children, respectively. According to the Must et al reference, the prevalence of thinness was 3.2%. Using TSF rather than BMI, according to the Must et al references, fewer children were classified as obese (8.0%) or overweight (20.2%) and more children were classified as thin (4.9%). CONCLUSION: This study supports the previously reported high frequencies of childhood overweight and obesity in developing countries. The data allow comparisons with other studies carried out in Brazil and other parts of the world. SN - 0954-3007 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15970941/Obesity_overweight_and_thinness_in_schoolchildren_of_the_city_of_Florianópolis_Southern_Brazil_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602206 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -