Diffusion-weighted echo-planar MRI: a valuable tool for differentiating primary parotid gland tumors?Rofo. 2005 Jul; 177(7):940-5.ROFO
To investigate the feasibility of using diffusion-weighted (DW) echo-planar imaging (EPI) for differentiating primary parotid gland tumors.
MATERIAL AND METHODS
Fifty consecutive patients with a suspected primary tumor of the parotid gland were examined with a DW EPI sequence (TR 1,500 msec, TE 77 msec, field of view 250 x 250 mm, pixel size 2.10 x 1.95 mm, section thickness 5 mm). The b factors used were 0, 500, and 1,000 sec/mm (2). Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps were digitally transferred to MRIcro (Chris Rorden, University of Nottingham, Great Britain) and evaluated with a manually placed irregular region of interest (ROI) containing the entire tumor. Additionally, the contralateral, non affected parotid gland was measured and a circular ROI containing 100 - 200 pixels was placed in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) next to the spinal cord in every patient. For comparison of the results, the two-tailed Student's t test was used, based on the median ADC values for each patient, and a p-value <.05 was determined to indicate statistical significance.
In 45 patients, a primary neoplasm of the parotid gland could be histologically verified. For the non-affected parotid glands of all 45 evaluated patients, the mean ADC value was 1.14 x 10 (- 3) mm (2)/sec +/- 0.12 x 10 (- 3) mm (2)/sec (mean +/- standard deviation). Seven different entities of parotid gland tumors were histologically discriminated. Pleomorphic adenomas (2.14 x 10 (- 3) mm (2)/sec +/- 0.11 x 10 (- 3) mm (2)/sec), Warthin tumors (0.85 x 10 (- 3) mm (2)/sec +/- 0.1 x 10 (- 3) mm (2)/sec), and mucoepidermoid carcinomas (1.04 x 10 (- 3) mm (2)/sec +/- 0.3 x 10 (- 3) mm (2)/sec) showed statistically significant different ADC values in comparison to all other evaluated tumors (p .001), and also among each other (p <.001). Additionally, ADC values presented by lipomas were statistically significant compared to all other entities (p <.001 to .015). Among all other [corrected] primary malignant parotid gland tumors, no statistically significant ADC values could be observed (p .18 to 1).
Diffusion-weighted echo-planar MRI seems to be a valuable tool for differentiating benign from malignant primary parotid gland tumors.