Protective role of lycopene on cisplatin-induced changes in sperm characteristics, testicular damage and oxidative stress in rats.Reprod Toxicol. 2006 Jan; 21(1):42-7.RT
The aim of this study was to investigate the possible protective role of lycopene on cisplatin (CP)-induced spermiotoxicity using quantitative, biochemical and histopathological approaches. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups. The control group received physiological saline; animals in cisplatin group received only cisplatin; pre-treatment group received a 10-day of lycopene before administration of cisplatin while animals in post-treatment group received a 5-day of lycopene following administration of cisplatin. Cisplatin (7 mg kg(-1)) was intraperitoneally (i.p.) injected as a single dose and lycopene (4 mg kg(-1)) was administered by gavage in corn oil. Traits of reproductive organs; sperm characteristics, testicular histological findings, plasma testosterone levels and the testicular tissue oxidative status were determined. Administration of cisplatin to rats decreased sperm concentration (p < 0.05) and sperm motility (p < 0.001), increased total abnormal sperm rates (p < 0.05) as compared with the control group. While a marked normalization was achieved only in sperm concentration with lycopene in pre-treatment group, significant normalizations were achieved in the sperm concentration, sperm motility, total abnormal sperm rates in post-treatment group. No significant differences in levels of testosterone were observed among all groups. An increase in testes malondialdehyde concentrations (p < 0.05) and glutathione peroxidase activities (p < 0.001) were detected while significant decreases in glutathione levels (p < 0.001) in cisplatin alone group when compared to control group. While pre-treatment with lycopene restoring only malondialdehyde concentrations, its post-treatment caused normalization in both malondialdehyde and glutathione levels when compared with the cisplatin alone group. On the other hand, significant increases were determined in GSH-Px activities in all experimental groups when compared with the control group. Although the mechanism is not clear, the results from this experimental study suggest that the lycopene have a possible protective effect against cisplatin-induced spermiotoxicity, effect of giving lycopene after cisplatin being superior to the giving it before cisplatin.