[Morbi-mortality after Hartmann procedure for peritonitis complicating sigmoid diverticulitis. A retrospective analysis of 85 cases].Ann Chir 2005 Jul-Aug; 130(6-7):391-9AC
Hartmann's procedure (HP) is a simple operation, which can be performed by all the surgeons. However, it remains criticized (high morbimortality, low rate of intestinal continuity restoration). The aim of this study was to analyse natural history of HP and intestinal continuity restoration for sigmoid diverticulitis, and to assess risk factors for mortality, morbidity and absence of intestinal continuity restoration.
PATIENTS AND METHODS
In three centers, from 1992 to 2002, 85 patients underwent HP. A retrospective analysis was performed on mortality, early and late morbidity of HP and intestinal continuity restoration.
22% of patients (mean age, 68 years) presented comorbidity, 17% of them, an altered immunity, and 3 or 4 Hinchey score for 64%. ASA score was > or =3 in 49% of the cases. Mean AFC and Mannheim scores were 2 and 21 respectively. Mortality rate was 14% and in-hospital morbidity, 50%. Main complications were: cardiorespiratory (18%), wound abcess (14%) and stomal (6%). No rectal stump fistula was noted. Mean hospital stay was 19+/-13 days. Late morbidity rate was 29%, mainly due to stomal complications (12%) and small bowel obstruction (7%). Intestinal continuity restoration was done in 77% of the cases, followed by only 1 fistula. Mortality rate for intestinal continuity restoration was 0% and morbidity was 13%. Mean hospital stay was 10+/-3 days. Age >75 years, ASA score > or =3 and comorbidity were risk factors for morbidity and mortality and for absence of intestinal continuity restoration.
HP is associated with a high morbidity and mortality rates. Intestinal continuity restoration rate was high in this series. HP is a simple operation in high-risk patients with advanced peritonitis. This study allows to precise natural history of HP. Knowledge of this history is crucial for choosing the best operation (between HP and anastomosis) for patient with peritonitis complications sigmoid diverticuitis.