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Idiopathic interstitial pneumonias: CT features.
Radiology. 2005 Jul; 236(1):10-21.R

Abstract

Idiopathic interstitial pneumonias comprise usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP), nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP), desquamative interstitial pneumonia (DIP), respiratory bronchiolitis-associated interstitial lung disease (RB-ILD), cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP), acute interstitial pneumonia (AIP), and lymphoid interstitial pneumonia (LIP). Each of these entities has a typical imaging and histologic pattern, although in practice the imaging patterns may be variable. Each entity may be idiopathic or may be secondary to a recognizable cause such as collagen vascular disease or inhalational exposure. The diagnosis of idiopathic interstitial pneumonia is made by means of correlation of clinical, imaging, and pathologic features. The characteristic computed tomographic (CT) features of UIP are predominantly basal and peripheral reticular pattern with honeycombing and traction bronchiectasis. NSIP is characterized by predominantly basal ground-glass opacity and/or reticular pattern, often with traction bronchiectasis. DIP and RB-ILD are smoking-related lung diseases characterized by ground-glass opacity and centrilobular nodules. COP is characterized by patchy peripheral or peribronchovascular consolidation. AIP manifests as diffuse lung consolidation and ground-glass opacity. LIP is associated with a CT pattern of ground-glass opacity sometimes associated with perivascular cysts.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Radiology, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, CB A-030, 4200 E Ninth Ave, Denver, CO 80262, USA. david.lynch@uchsc.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15987960

Citation

Lynch, David A., et al. "Idiopathic Interstitial Pneumonias: CT Features." Radiology, vol. 236, no. 1, 2005, pp. 10-21.
Lynch DA, Travis WD, Müller NL, et al. Idiopathic interstitial pneumonias: CT features. Radiology. 2005;236(1):10-21.
Lynch, D. A., Travis, W. D., Müller, N. L., Galvin, J. R., Hansell, D. M., Grenier, P. A., & King, T. E. (2005). Idiopathic interstitial pneumonias: CT features. Radiology, 236(1), 10-21.
Lynch DA, et al. Idiopathic Interstitial Pneumonias: CT Features. Radiology. 2005;236(1):10-21. PubMed PMID: 15987960.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Idiopathic interstitial pneumonias: CT features. AU - Lynch,David A, AU - Travis,William D, AU - Müller,Nestor L, AU - Galvin,Jeffrey R, AU - Hansell,David M, AU - Grenier,Philippe A, AU - King,Talmadge E,Jr PY - 2005/7/1/pubmed PY - 2005/8/5/medline PY - 2005/7/1/entrez SP - 10 EP - 21 JF - Radiology JO - Radiology VL - 236 IS - 1 N2 - Idiopathic interstitial pneumonias comprise usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP), nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP), desquamative interstitial pneumonia (DIP), respiratory bronchiolitis-associated interstitial lung disease (RB-ILD), cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP), acute interstitial pneumonia (AIP), and lymphoid interstitial pneumonia (LIP). Each of these entities has a typical imaging and histologic pattern, although in practice the imaging patterns may be variable. Each entity may be idiopathic or may be secondary to a recognizable cause such as collagen vascular disease or inhalational exposure. The diagnosis of idiopathic interstitial pneumonia is made by means of correlation of clinical, imaging, and pathologic features. The characteristic computed tomographic (CT) features of UIP are predominantly basal and peripheral reticular pattern with honeycombing and traction bronchiectasis. NSIP is characterized by predominantly basal ground-glass opacity and/or reticular pattern, often with traction bronchiectasis. DIP and RB-ILD are smoking-related lung diseases characterized by ground-glass opacity and centrilobular nodules. COP is characterized by patchy peripheral or peribronchovascular consolidation. AIP manifests as diffuse lung consolidation and ground-glass opacity. LIP is associated with a CT pattern of ground-glass opacity sometimes associated with perivascular cysts. SN - 0033-8419 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15987960/Idiopathic_interstitial_pneumonias:_CT_features_ L2 - http://pubs.rsna.org/doi/10.1148/radiol.2361031674?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -