Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

[Somnambulism: clinical and eletrophysiological aspects].
Orv Hetil. 2005 Jun 05; 146(23):1231-7.OH

Abstract

The authors review the literature on the epidemiology, the clinical and electrophysiological symptoms of somnambulism. The disorder specified as "nREM parasomnia with awakening disorder" belongs to the nREM sleep (awakening) parasomnias. In most of the cases its occurence is familial with the highest prevalence at age 12 year. Above age 12 year most cases recover whereas 6% of prevalence is reported in adults. It is probable that most patients seek medical help only in severe cases associated with injuries, accidents or violence. Its etiology is unknown; in essence it is a sleep regulation disorder characterised by a dissociated state of partial awakening from nREM sleep: the motor system becomes awake while consciousness remains clouded. There are several medicines inducing somnambulism in patients otherwise free from this disorder. In somnambule patients the most important provoking factors are sleep deprivation as well as pathological states and circumstances evoking sleep loss. Somnambulism should be differentiated from complex partial epileptic seizures and REM behaviour disorder. As there is no specific treatment at the moment it is important to assure safe sleeping circumstances - ground flour, closed windows, and no fragile furniture. Clonazepam and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors prove sometimes effective, but the most effective methods in decreasing the frequency of somnambule episodes are the regular sleep-wakefulness schedule and the avoidance of sleep deprivation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Országos Pszichiátriai es Neurológia Intézet. szucsan@opni.huNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article
Review

Language

hun

PubMed ID

15988917

Citation

Szúcs, Anna, and Péter Halász. "[Somnambulism: Clinical and Eletrophysiological Aspects]." Orvosi Hetilap, vol. 146, no. 23, 2005, pp. 1231-7.
Szúcs A, Halász P. [Somnambulism: clinical and eletrophysiological aspects]. Orv Hetil. 2005;146(23):1231-7.
Szúcs, A., & Halász, P. (2005). [Somnambulism: clinical and eletrophysiological aspects]. Orvosi Hetilap, 146(23), 1231-7.
Szúcs A, Halász P. [Somnambulism: Clinical and Eletrophysiological Aspects]. Orv Hetil. 2005 Jun 5;146(23):1231-7. PubMed PMID: 15988917.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Somnambulism: clinical and eletrophysiological aspects]. AU - Szúcs,Anna, AU - Halász,Péter, PY - 2005/7/2/pubmed PY - 2005/7/23/medline PY - 2005/7/2/entrez SP - 1231 EP - 7 JF - Orvosi hetilap JO - Orv Hetil VL - 146 IS - 23 N2 - The authors review the literature on the epidemiology, the clinical and electrophysiological symptoms of somnambulism. The disorder specified as "nREM parasomnia with awakening disorder" belongs to the nREM sleep (awakening) parasomnias. In most of the cases its occurence is familial with the highest prevalence at age 12 year. Above age 12 year most cases recover whereas 6% of prevalence is reported in adults. It is probable that most patients seek medical help only in severe cases associated with injuries, accidents or violence. Its etiology is unknown; in essence it is a sleep regulation disorder characterised by a dissociated state of partial awakening from nREM sleep: the motor system becomes awake while consciousness remains clouded. There are several medicines inducing somnambulism in patients otherwise free from this disorder. In somnambule patients the most important provoking factors are sleep deprivation as well as pathological states and circumstances evoking sleep loss. Somnambulism should be differentiated from complex partial epileptic seizures and REM behaviour disorder. As there is no specific treatment at the moment it is important to assure safe sleeping circumstances - ground flour, closed windows, and no fragile furniture. Clonazepam and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors prove sometimes effective, but the most effective methods in decreasing the frequency of somnambule episodes are the regular sleep-wakefulness schedule and the avoidance of sleep deprivation. SN - 0030-6002 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15988917/[Somnambulism:_clinical_and_eletrophysiological_aspects]_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
Try the Free App:
Prime PubMed app for iOS iPhone iPad
Prime PubMed app for Android
Prime PubMed is provided
free to individuals by:
Unbound Medicine.