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Age 13 language and reading outcomes in late-talking toddlers.
J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2005 Apr; 48(2):459-72.JS

Abstract

Language and reading outcomes at 13 years of age were examined in 28 children identified at 24 to 31 months as late talkers, all of whom came from middle- to upper-class socioeconomic status (SES) families and had normal nonverbal ability and age-adequate receptive language at intake. Late talkers were compared with a group of 25 typically developing children matched at intake on age, SES, and nonverbal ability. As a group, late talkers performed in the average range on all standardized language and reading tasks at age 13. However, they scored significantly lower than SES-matched peers on aggregate measures of vocabulary, grammar, and verbal memory, as well as on reading comprehension. They were similar to comparison peers in reading mechanics and writing aggregates. Intercorrelations between outcome measures were moderately high, suggesting considerable shared variance. Regression analyses indicated that age 2 Language Development Survey vocabulary score was a significant predictor of age 13 vocabulary, grammar, verbal memory, and reading comprehension. Findings suggest that slow language development at age 2-2 1/2 is associated with a weakness in language-related skills into adolescence relative to typically developing peers.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Bryn Mawr College, Bryn Mawr, PA 19010, USA. lrescorl@brynmawr.edu

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15989404

Citation

Rescorla, Leslie. "Age 13 Language and Reading Outcomes in Late-talking Toddlers." Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research : JSLHR, vol. 48, no. 2, 2005, pp. 459-72.
Rescorla L. Age 13 language and reading outcomes in late-talking toddlers. J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2005;48(2):459-72.
Rescorla, L. (2005). Age 13 language and reading outcomes in late-talking toddlers. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research : JSLHR, 48(2), 459-72.
Rescorla L. Age 13 Language and Reading Outcomes in Late-talking Toddlers. J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2005;48(2):459-72. PubMed PMID: 15989404.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Age 13 language and reading outcomes in late-talking toddlers. A1 - Rescorla,Leslie, PY - 2003/07/15/received PY - 2004/06/26/revised PY - 2005/08/05/accepted PY - 2005/7/2/pubmed PY - 2006/4/21/medline PY - 2005/7/2/entrez SP - 459 EP - 72 JF - Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR JO - J Speech Lang Hear Res VL - 48 IS - 2 N2 - Language and reading outcomes at 13 years of age were examined in 28 children identified at 24 to 31 months as late talkers, all of whom came from middle- to upper-class socioeconomic status (SES) families and had normal nonverbal ability and age-adequate receptive language at intake. Late talkers were compared with a group of 25 typically developing children matched at intake on age, SES, and nonverbal ability. As a group, late talkers performed in the average range on all standardized language and reading tasks at age 13. However, they scored significantly lower than SES-matched peers on aggregate measures of vocabulary, grammar, and verbal memory, as well as on reading comprehension. They were similar to comparison peers in reading mechanics and writing aggregates. Intercorrelations between outcome measures were moderately high, suggesting considerable shared variance. Regression analyses indicated that age 2 Language Development Survey vocabulary score was a significant predictor of age 13 vocabulary, grammar, verbal memory, and reading comprehension. Findings suggest that slow language development at age 2-2 1/2 is associated with a weakness in language-related skills into adolescence relative to typically developing peers. SN - 1092-4388 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15989404/Age_13_language_and_reading_outcomes_in_late_talking_toddlers_ L2 - https://pubs.asha.org/doi/10.1044/1092-4388(2005/031)?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -