Circulating activated T lymphocytes in autoeczematization.Arch Dermatol. 1992 Jun; 128(6):795-8.AD
BACKGROUND AND DESIGN
Autoeczematization, the symmetric diffuse spread of a previously localized dermatitis, has an unclear etiology although some investigators have postulated that activated T lymphocytes play a role. Two estimates of activation of peripheral T lymphocytes are the cell surface expression of the HLA-DR antigen and the interleukin 2 receptor (IL-2R). We measured the percentage of circulating activated T lymphocytes in nine patients with autoeczematization compared with normal controls (n = 10), patients with stasis dermatitis (n = 6), and patients with severe (n = 10) or mild (n = 8) psoriasis. The percentage of activated T lymphocytes was determined by fluorescent, activated cell sorter analysis of peripheral leukocytes doubly stained with antibodies to T lymphocytes and HLA-DR antigen or IL-2R.
Statistically significant elevations of HLA-DR- and IL-2R--positive T lymphocytes were seen in autoeczematization patients (P less than .004 and P less than .04, respectively) and those with severe psoriasis (P less than .004 for HLA-DR antigen and IL-2R). Percentages of HLA-DR- and IL-2R--positive T lymphocytes in patients with mild psoriasis were not significantly elevated. Two patients with autoeczematization had a reduction of their previously elevated levels of HLA-DR- and IL-2R--positive T lymphocytes after treatment.
These data suggest a possible role for circulating activated T lymphocytes in the pathogenesis of autoeczematization and possibly in severe psoriasis.