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Risk of selected cardiovascular diseases and posttraumatic stress disorder among former World War II prisoners of war.
Ann Epidemiol. 2006 May; 16(5):381-6.AE

Abstract

PURPOSE

American World War II (WWII) prisoners of war (POWs) suffered both mental and physical deprivation while interned. The long-term health consequences of the internment were studied for an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

METHODS

This study evaluated healthcare utilization data for 10 years (1991-2000) from Veterans Affairs (VA) and non-VA healthcare providers for 19,442 former WWII POWs and 9728 non-POW controls. The risk of diseases was approximated by odds ratios adjusted for race and age.

RESULTS

Collectively, former POWs had statistically significant increased risk of PTSD, and those POWs with PTSD also had statistically significant increased risks of cardiovascular diseases including hypertension and chronic ischemic heart disease when compared to both non-POWs and POWs without PTSD.

CONCLUSIONS

Among former WWII POWs, risk of cardiovascular disease is related to having PTSD.

Authors+Show Affiliations

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, Environmental Epidemiology Service, 810 Vermont Ave Washington, DC 20420, USA. han.kang@hq.med.va.govNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15994096

Citation

Kang, Han K., et al. "Risk of Selected Cardiovascular Diseases and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among Former World War II Prisoners of War." Annals of Epidemiology, vol. 16, no. 5, 2006, pp. 381-6.
Kang HK, Bullman TA, Taylor JW. Risk of selected cardiovascular diseases and posttraumatic stress disorder among former World War II prisoners of war. Ann Epidemiol. 2006;16(5):381-6.
Kang, H. K., Bullman, T. A., & Taylor, J. W. (2006). Risk of selected cardiovascular diseases and posttraumatic stress disorder among former World War II prisoners of war. Annals of Epidemiology, 16(5), 381-6.
Kang HK, Bullman TA, Taylor JW. Risk of Selected Cardiovascular Diseases and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among Former World War II Prisoners of War. Ann Epidemiol. 2006;16(5):381-6. PubMed PMID: 15994096.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Risk of selected cardiovascular diseases and posttraumatic stress disorder among former World War II prisoners of war. AU - Kang,Han K, AU - Bullman,Tim A, AU - Taylor,Judith W, Y1 - 2005/07/01/ PY - 2004/12/02/received PY - 2005/02/09/revised PY - 2005/03/15/accepted PY - 2005/7/5/pubmed PY - 2006/10/31/medline PY - 2005/7/5/entrez SP - 381 EP - 6 JF - Annals of epidemiology JO - Ann Epidemiol VL - 16 IS - 5 N2 - PURPOSE: American World War II (WWII) prisoners of war (POWs) suffered both mental and physical deprivation while interned. The long-term health consequences of the internment were studied for an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHODS: This study evaluated healthcare utilization data for 10 years (1991-2000) from Veterans Affairs (VA) and non-VA healthcare providers for 19,442 former WWII POWs and 9728 non-POW controls. The risk of diseases was approximated by odds ratios adjusted for race and age. RESULTS: Collectively, former POWs had statistically significant increased risk of PTSD, and those POWs with PTSD also had statistically significant increased risks of cardiovascular diseases including hypertension and chronic ischemic heart disease when compared to both non-POWs and POWs without PTSD. CONCLUSIONS: Among former WWII POWs, risk of cardiovascular disease is related to having PTSD. SN - 1047-2797 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15994096/Risk_of_selected_cardiovascular_diseases_and_posttraumatic_stress_disorder_among_former_World_War_II_prisoners_of_war_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1047-2797(05)00098-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -