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Exercise training and inspiratory muscle training in patients with bronchiectasis.
Thorax. 2005 Nov; 60(11):943-8.T

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Bronchiectasis is a chronic suppurative lung disease often characterised by airflow obstruction and hyperinflation, and leading to decreased exercise tolerance and reduced health status. The role of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) and inspiratory muscle training (IMT) has not been investigated in this group of patients.

METHODS

Thirty two patients with idiopathic bronchiectasis were randomly allocated to one of three groups: PR plus sham IMT (PR-SHAM), PR plus targeted IMT (PR-IMT), or control. All patients (except the control group) underwent an 8 week training programme of either PR or PR plus targeted IMT. Exercise training during PR was performed three times weekly at 80% of the peak heart rate. IMT was performed at home for 15 minutes twice daily over the 8 week period.

RESULTS

PR-SHAM and PR-IMT resulted in significant increases in the incremental shuttle walking test of 96.7 metres (95% confidence interval (CI) 59.6 to 133.7) and 124.5 metres (95% CI 63.2 to 185.9), respectively, and in endurance exercise capacity of 174.9% (95% CI 34.7 to 426.1) and 205.7% (95% CI 31.6 to 310.6). There were no statistically significant differences in the improvements in exercise between the two groups. Significant improvements in inspiratory muscle strength were also observed both in the PR-IMT group (21.4 cm H2O increase, 95% CI 9.3 to 33.4; p = 0.008) and the PR-SHAM group (12.0 cm H2O increase, 95% CI 1.1 to 22.9; p = 0.04), the magnitude of which were also similar (p = 0.220). Improvements in exercise capacity were maintained in the PR-IMT group 3 months after training, but not in the PR-SHAM group.

CONCLUSION

PR is effective in improving exercise tolerance in bronchiectasis but there is no additional advantage of simultaneous IMT. IMT may, however, be important in the longevity of the training effects.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham B15 2TH, UK. Clare.Newall@uhb.nhs.ukNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15994254

Citation

Newall, C, et al. "Exercise Training and Inspiratory Muscle Training in Patients With Bronchiectasis." Thorax, vol. 60, no. 11, 2005, pp. 943-8.
Newall C, Stockley RA, Hill SL. Exercise training and inspiratory muscle training in patients with bronchiectasis. Thorax. 2005;60(11):943-8.
Newall, C., Stockley, R. A., & Hill, S. L. (2005). Exercise training and inspiratory muscle training in patients with bronchiectasis. Thorax, 60(11), 943-8.
Newall C, Stockley RA, Hill SL. Exercise Training and Inspiratory Muscle Training in Patients With Bronchiectasis. Thorax. 2005;60(11):943-8. PubMed PMID: 15994254.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Exercise training and inspiratory muscle training in patients with bronchiectasis. AU - Newall,C, AU - Stockley,R A, AU - Hill,S L, Y1 - 2005/06/30/ PY - 2005/7/5/pubmed PY - 2005/12/13/medline PY - 2005/7/5/entrez SP - 943 EP - 8 JF - Thorax JO - Thorax VL - 60 IS - 11 N2 - BACKGROUND: Bronchiectasis is a chronic suppurative lung disease often characterised by airflow obstruction and hyperinflation, and leading to decreased exercise tolerance and reduced health status. The role of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) and inspiratory muscle training (IMT) has not been investigated in this group of patients. METHODS: Thirty two patients with idiopathic bronchiectasis were randomly allocated to one of three groups: PR plus sham IMT (PR-SHAM), PR plus targeted IMT (PR-IMT), or control. All patients (except the control group) underwent an 8 week training programme of either PR or PR plus targeted IMT. Exercise training during PR was performed three times weekly at 80% of the peak heart rate. IMT was performed at home for 15 minutes twice daily over the 8 week period. RESULTS: PR-SHAM and PR-IMT resulted in significant increases in the incremental shuttle walking test of 96.7 metres (95% confidence interval (CI) 59.6 to 133.7) and 124.5 metres (95% CI 63.2 to 185.9), respectively, and in endurance exercise capacity of 174.9% (95% CI 34.7 to 426.1) and 205.7% (95% CI 31.6 to 310.6). There were no statistically significant differences in the improvements in exercise between the two groups. Significant improvements in inspiratory muscle strength were also observed both in the PR-IMT group (21.4 cm H2O increase, 95% CI 9.3 to 33.4; p = 0.008) and the PR-SHAM group (12.0 cm H2O increase, 95% CI 1.1 to 22.9; p = 0.04), the magnitude of which were also similar (p = 0.220). Improvements in exercise capacity were maintained in the PR-IMT group 3 months after training, but not in the PR-SHAM group. CONCLUSION: PR is effective in improving exercise tolerance in bronchiectasis but there is no additional advantage of simultaneous IMT. IMT may, however, be important in the longevity of the training effects. SN - 0040-6376 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15994254/Exercise_training_and_inspiratory_muscle_training_in_patients_with_bronchiectasis_ L2 - http://thorax.bmj.com/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=15994254 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -