[The musculoskeletal system in diabetic patients].Postepy Hig Med Dosw (Online). 2005; 59:236-44.PH
In this review, musculoskeletal manifestations in diabetic patients are presented. Late complications of diabetes mellitus (neuropathic arthropathy and diabetic muscle infarction), consequences of metabolic derangement inherent to diabetes (diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis, osteopenia, and osteoporosis), syndromes that may share etiologic mechanisms with changes of collagen and microvascular disease (limited joint mobility syndrome (cheiroarthropathy), palmar flexor tenosynovitis (trigger finger), Dupuytren's disease, adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder, and reflex sympathetic dystrophy) are described. Moreover, carpal tunnel syndrome, gout, osteoarthritis and their probable association with diabetes mellitus are discussed.