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Treating acute low back pain with continuous low-level heat wrap therapy and/or exercise: a randomized controlled trial.
Spine J 2005 Jul-Aug; 5(4):395-403SJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND CONTEXT

Restorative exercise and palliative modalities are frequently used together for the treatment of acute low back pain. However, little is known about the effects of combining these treatments.

PURPOSE

To evaluate the efficacy of combining continuous low-level heat wrap therapy with directional preference-based exercise on the functional ability of patients with acute low back pain.

STUDY DESIGN/SETTING

A randomized controlled trial was conducted at three outpatient medical facilities.

PATIENT SAMPLE

One hundred individuals (age 31.2+/-10.6 years) with low back pain of less than 3 months duration.

OUTCOME MEASURES

The primary outcome measure was functional ability assessed by the Multidimensional Task Ability Profile questionnaire. Secondary outcomes were disability assessed by the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire and pain relief assessed by a 6-point verbal rating scale.

METHODS

Participants were randomized to one of four groups: Heat wrap therapy alone (heat wrap, n=25); directional preference-based exercise alone (exercise, n=25); combination of heat wrap therapy and exercise (heat+exercise, n=24); or control (booklet, n=26). Treatment was administered for five consecutive days and included four visits to the study center over 1 week.

RESULTS

At 2 days after the conclusion of treatment (Day 7), functional improvement for heat+exercise was 84%, 95%, and 175% greater than heat wrap, exercise, and booklet, respectively (p<.05). Seventy-two percent of the subjects in the heat+exercise group demonstrated a return to pre-injury function compared with 20%, 20%, and 19% for heat wrap, exercise, and booklet, respectively (p<.05). Disability reduction for heat+exercise was 93%, 139%, and 400% greater than heat wrap, exercise, and booklet, respectively (p<.05). Pain relief for heat+exercise was 70% and 143% greater than exercise and booklet, respectively (p<.05).

CONCLUSIONS

Combining continuous low-level heat wrap therapy with directional preference-based exercise during the treatment of acute low back pain significantly improves functional outcomes compared with either intervention alone or control. Either intervention alone tends to be more effective than control.

Authors+Show Affiliations

U.S. Spine & Sport Foundation, 344 Kearny Villa Road, Suite 307, San Diego, CA 92123, USA. jmayer2@san.rr.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15996609

Citation

Mayer, John M., et al. "Treating Acute Low Back Pain With Continuous Low-level Heat Wrap Therapy And/or Exercise: a Randomized Controlled Trial." The Spine Journal : Official Journal of the North American Spine Society, vol. 5, no. 4, 2005, pp. 395-403.
Mayer JM, Ralph L, Look M, et al. Treating acute low back pain with continuous low-level heat wrap therapy and/or exercise: a randomized controlled trial. Spine J. 2005;5(4):395-403.
Mayer, J. M., Ralph, L., Look, M., Erasala, G. N., Verna, J. L., Matheson, L. N., & Mooney, V. (2005). Treating acute low back pain with continuous low-level heat wrap therapy and/or exercise: a randomized controlled trial. The Spine Journal : Official Journal of the North American Spine Society, 5(4), pp. 395-403.
Mayer JM, et al. Treating Acute Low Back Pain With Continuous Low-level Heat Wrap Therapy And/or Exercise: a Randomized Controlled Trial. Spine J. 2005;5(4):395-403. PubMed PMID: 15996609.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Treating acute low back pain with continuous low-level heat wrap therapy and/or exercise: a randomized controlled trial. AU - Mayer,John M, AU - Ralph,Lee, AU - Look,Michele, AU - Erasala,Geetha N, AU - Verna,Joe L, AU - Matheson,Leonard N, AU - Mooney,Vert, PY - 2004/11/12/received PY - 2005/03/02/accepted PY - 2005/7/6/pubmed PY - 2005/12/13/medline PY - 2005/7/6/entrez SP - 395 EP - 403 JF - The spine journal : official journal of the North American Spine Society JO - Spine J VL - 5 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Restorative exercise and palliative modalities are frequently used together for the treatment of acute low back pain. However, little is known about the effects of combining these treatments. PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of combining continuous low-level heat wrap therapy with directional preference-based exercise on the functional ability of patients with acute low back pain. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: A randomized controlled trial was conducted at three outpatient medical facilities. PATIENT SAMPLE: One hundred individuals (age 31.2+/-10.6 years) with low back pain of less than 3 months duration. OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome measure was functional ability assessed by the Multidimensional Task Ability Profile questionnaire. Secondary outcomes were disability assessed by the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire and pain relief assessed by a 6-point verbal rating scale. METHODS: Participants were randomized to one of four groups: Heat wrap therapy alone (heat wrap, n=25); directional preference-based exercise alone (exercise, n=25); combination of heat wrap therapy and exercise (heat+exercise, n=24); or control (booklet, n=26). Treatment was administered for five consecutive days and included four visits to the study center over 1 week. RESULTS: At 2 days after the conclusion of treatment (Day 7), functional improvement for heat+exercise was 84%, 95%, and 175% greater than heat wrap, exercise, and booklet, respectively (p<.05). Seventy-two percent of the subjects in the heat+exercise group demonstrated a return to pre-injury function compared with 20%, 20%, and 19% for heat wrap, exercise, and booklet, respectively (p<.05). Disability reduction for heat+exercise was 93%, 139%, and 400% greater than heat wrap, exercise, and booklet, respectively (p<.05). Pain relief for heat+exercise was 70% and 143% greater than exercise and booklet, respectively (p<.05). CONCLUSIONS: Combining continuous low-level heat wrap therapy with directional preference-based exercise during the treatment of acute low back pain significantly improves functional outcomes compared with either intervention alone or control. Either intervention alone tends to be more effective than control. SN - 1529-9430 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15996609/Treating_acute_low_back_pain_with_continuous_low_level_heat_wrap_therapy_and/or_exercise:_a_randomized_controlled_trial_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1529-9430(05)00116-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -