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Early assessment of dental arch development in repaired unilateral cleft lip and unilateral cleft lip and palate versus controls.
Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2005 Jul; 42(4):385-91.CP

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To evaluate dental arch relationships and dimensions, relative to an age matched noncleft sample, in Caucasian 3-year-old children with repaired unilateral cleft lip (UCL) or unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP).

DESIGN

Prospective, cross-sectional, case-control study performed in Scotland, U.K.

PARTICIPANTS

Eleven children with repaired unilateral cleft lip, 16 children with repaired unilateral cleft lip and palate, and 78 children as controls.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

Dental arch relationships and linear arch dimensions.

RESULTS

Prevalence of Class III incisor relationship was 31.3% in children with unilateral cleft lip and palate compared with 9.1% in children with unilateral cleft lip. A buccal crossbite was present in 36% of children with unilateral cleft lip, compared with 75.6% of children with unilateral cleft lip and palate.Mean linear maxillary arch dimensions did not differ significantly between children with unilateral cleft lip and the controls. Except for second intermolar width, statistically significant differences existed in mean linear maxillary arch dimensions between the unilateral cleft lip and the unilateral cleft lip and palate groups; the mean linear maxillary arch dimensions were significantly greater in the control group than in the unilateral cleft lip and palate group. The mean cleft-affected anterior quadrant length appeared to be the arch dimension with the greatest power of discrimination among the three groups. There were no significant differences in mean linear mandibular arch dimensions among the three groups.

CONCLUSIONS

Anterior crossbite was almost three times more common in the unilateral cleft lip and palate group than in the unilateral cleft lip group. Mean linear maxillary arch dimensions differed significantly between the unilateral cleft lip and palate group and the control group. There were no significant differences in mean linear maxillary arch dimensions between unilateral cleft lip and controls or between mean linear mandibular arch dimensions for unilateral cleft lip, unilateral cleft lip and palate, and controls.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Biotechnology and Craniofacial Section (BACS) Research Group, Glasgow Dental School, Glasgow, Scotland.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16001920

Citation

Garrahy, Ann, et al. "Early Assessment of Dental Arch Development in Repaired Unilateral Cleft Lip and Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate Versus Controls." The Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal : Official Publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association, vol. 42, no. 4, 2005, pp. 385-91.
Garrahy A, Millett DT, Ayoub AF. Early assessment of dental arch development in repaired unilateral cleft lip and unilateral cleft lip and palate versus controls. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2005;42(4):385-91.
Garrahy, A., Millett, D. T., & Ayoub, A. F. (2005). Early assessment of dental arch development in repaired unilateral cleft lip and unilateral cleft lip and palate versus controls. The Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal : Official Publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association, 42(4), 385-91.
Garrahy A, Millett DT, Ayoub AF. Early Assessment of Dental Arch Development in Repaired Unilateral Cleft Lip and Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate Versus Controls. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2005;42(4):385-91. PubMed PMID: 16001920.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Early assessment of dental arch development in repaired unilateral cleft lip and unilateral cleft lip and palate versus controls. AU - Garrahy,Ann, AU - Millett,Declan T, AU - Ayoub,Ashraf F, PY - 2005/7/9/pubmed PY - 2005/11/1/medline PY - 2005/7/9/entrez SP - 385 EP - 91 JF - The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association JO - Cleft Palate Craniofac. J. VL - 42 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To evaluate dental arch relationships and dimensions, relative to an age matched noncleft sample, in Caucasian 3-year-old children with repaired unilateral cleft lip (UCL) or unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP). DESIGN: Prospective, cross-sectional, case-control study performed in Scotland, U.K. PARTICIPANTS: Eleven children with repaired unilateral cleft lip, 16 children with repaired unilateral cleft lip and palate, and 78 children as controls. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Dental arch relationships and linear arch dimensions. RESULTS: Prevalence of Class III incisor relationship was 31.3% in children with unilateral cleft lip and palate compared with 9.1% in children with unilateral cleft lip. A buccal crossbite was present in 36% of children with unilateral cleft lip, compared with 75.6% of children with unilateral cleft lip and palate.Mean linear maxillary arch dimensions did not differ significantly between children with unilateral cleft lip and the controls. Except for second intermolar width, statistically significant differences existed in mean linear maxillary arch dimensions between the unilateral cleft lip and the unilateral cleft lip and palate groups; the mean linear maxillary arch dimensions were significantly greater in the control group than in the unilateral cleft lip and palate group. The mean cleft-affected anterior quadrant length appeared to be the arch dimension with the greatest power of discrimination among the three groups. There were no significant differences in mean linear mandibular arch dimensions among the three groups. CONCLUSIONS: Anterior crossbite was almost three times more common in the unilateral cleft lip and palate group than in the unilateral cleft lip group. Mean linear maxillary arch dimensions differed significantly between the unilateral cleft lip and palate group and the control group. There were no significant differences in mean linear maxillary arch dimensions between unilateral cleft lip and controls or between mean linear mandibular arch dimensions for unilateral cleft lip, unilateral cleft lip and palate, and controls. SN - 1055-6656 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16001920/Early_assessment_of_dental_arch_development_in_repaired_unilateral_cleft_lip_and_unilateral_cleft_lip_and_palate_versus_controls_ L2 - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1597/03-159.1?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -