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Functional expression of P2X7 receptors in non-neuronal cells of rat dorsal root ganglia.
Brain Res 2005; 1052(1):63-70BR

Abstract

The P2X7 receptor is an ATP-sensitive ligand-gated cation channel, expressed predominantly in cells with immune origin. Recent studies have demonstrated that P2X7 may play an important role in pain signaling. In the present study, the expression of P2X7 receptors in non-neuronal cells and neurons isolated from dorsal root ganglia was characterized using patch clamp, pharmacological and confocal microscopy approaches. In small diameter DRG neurons, 100 microM 2', 3'-O-(4-benzoylbenzoyl)-ATP (BzATP) evoked an inward current, which was inhibited completely by 1 microM A-317491, a potent and selective P2X3 receptor antagonist. In contrast, BzATP evoked concentration-dependent increases in inward currents in non-neuronal DRG cells with an EC50 value of 26 +/- 0.14 microM, which were resistant to the blockade by A-317491. The activity to evoke cationic currents by P2X receptor agonists in non-neuronal cells showed a rank order of BzATP > ATP > alpha,beta-meATP. Pyridoxal-phosphate-6-azophenyl-,2',4'-disulphonic acid (PPADS) and Mg2+ produced concentration-dependent inhibition of BzATP-evoked currents in non-neuronal cells. Confocal microscopy revealed positive immunoreactivity of anti-P2X7 receptor antibodies on non-neuronal cells. No anti-P2X7 immunoreactivity was observed on DRG neurons. Further electrophysiological studies showed that prolonged agonist activation of P2X7 receptors in non-neuronal cells did not lead to cytolytic pore formation. Taken together, the present study demonstrated functional expression of P2X7 receptors in non-neuronal but not in small diameter neurons from rat DRG. Modulation of P2X7 receptors in non-neuronal cells might have impact on peripheral sensory transduction under normal and pathological states.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department R4PM, Neuroscience Research, Building AP9A, Abbott Laboratories, 100 Abbott Park Road, Abbott Park, IL 60064, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16005856

Citation

Zhang, Xu-Feng, et al. "Functional Expression of P2X7 Receptors in Non-neuronal Cells of Rat Dorsal Root Ganglia." Brain Research, vol. 1052, no. 1, 2005, pp. 63-70.
Zhang XF, Han P, Faltynek CR, et al. Functional expression of P2X7 receptors in non-neuronal cells of rat dorsal root ganglia. Brain Res. 2005;1052(1):63-70.
Zhang, X. F., Han, P., Faltynek, C. R., Jarvis, M. F., & Shieh, C. C. (2005). Functional expression of P2X7 receptors in non-neuronal cells of rat dorsal root ganglia. Brain Research, 1052(1), pp. 63-70.
Zhang XF, et al. Functional Expression of P2X7 Receptors in Non-neuronal Cells of Rat Dorsal Root Ganglia. Brain Res. 2005 Aug 2;1052(1):63-70. PubMed PMID: 16005856.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Functional expression of P2X7 receptors in non-neuronal cells of rat dorsal root ganglia. AU - Zhang,Xu-Feng, AU - Han,Ping, AU - Faltynek,Connie R, AU - Jarvis,Michael F, AU - Shieh,Char-Chang, PY - 2005/02/28/received PY - 2005/06/01/revised PY - 2005/06/05/accepted PY - 2005/7/12/pubmed PY - 2005/10/28/medline PY - 2005/7/12/entrez SP - 63 EP - 70 JF - Brain research JO - Brain Res. VL - 1052 IS - 1 N2 - The P2X7 receptor is an ATP-sensitive ligand-gated cation channel, expressed predominantly in cells with immune origin. Recent studies have demonstrated that P2X7 may play an important role in pain signaling. In the present study, the expression of P2X7 receptors in non-neuronal cells and neurons isolated from dorsal root ganglia was characterized using patch clamp, pharmacological and confocal microscopy approaches. In small diameter DRG neurons, 100 microM 2', 3'-O-(4-benzoylbenzoyl)-ATP (BzATP) evoked an inward current, which was inhibited completely by 1 microM A-317491, a potent and selective P2X3 receptor antagonist. In contrast, BzATP evoked concentration-dependent increases in inward currents in non-neuronal DRG cells with an EC50 value of 26 +/- 0.14 microM, which were resistant to the blockade by A-317491. The activity to evoke cationic currents by P2X receptor agonists in non-neuronal cells showed a rank order of BzATP > ATP > alpha,beta-meATP. Pyridoxal-phosphate-6-azophenyl-,2',4'-disulphonic acid (PPADS) and Mg2+ produced concentration-dependent inhibition of BzATP-evoked currents in non-neuronal cells. Confocal microscopy revealed positive immunoreactivity of anti-P2X7 receptor antibodies on non-neuronal cells. No anti-P2X7 immunoreactivity was observed on DRG neurons. Further electrophysiological studies showed that prolonged agonist activation of P2X7 receptors in non-neuronal cells did not lead to cytolytic pore formation. Taken together, the present study demonstrated functional expression of P2X7 receptors in non-neuronal but not in small diameter neurons from rat DRG. Modulation of P2X7 receptors in non-neuronal cells might have impact on peripheral sensory transduction under normal and pathological states. SN - 0006-8993 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16005856/Functional_expression_of_P2X7_receptors_in_non_neuronal_cells_of_rat_dorsal_root_ganglia_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0006-8993(05)00858-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -