Immunogenicity of a recombinant pseudorabies virus expressing ORF1-ORF2 fusion protein of porcine circovirus type 2.Vet Microbiol. 2005 Aug 30; 109(3-4):179-90.VM
Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is associated with post-weaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS). Pseudorabies (PR) is also an important infectious disease in swine and sometimes co-infect with PCV2. An attenuated pseudorabies virus (PRV) has been successfully used as a vector for live viral vaccines. In this study, a recombinant PRV expressing ORF1-ORF2 fusion protein of PCV2 was constructed and its immunogenicity was tested in mice and pigs. The ORF1 and partial ORF2 gene of PCV2 Yu-A strain were amplified by PCR and inserted into a transfer vector. The recombinant transfer plasmid was co-transfected with the EcoRI digested genome of vector virus (PRV TK-/gE-/LacZ+) into IBRS-2 cells. The recombinant pseudorabies virus PRV-PCV2 was purified by plaque purification and identified by PCR and Southern blotting. Expression of the ORF1-ORF2 fusion protein by the recombinant PRV-PCV2 virus was demonstrated by Western blotting analysis. The growth properties of the recombinant virus in cells were similar to that of the parent vector virus. In animal experiments, PRV-PCV2 elicited strong anti-PRV and anti-PCV2 antibodies in Balb/c mice as indicated by PRV-neutralizing assay, anti-PCV2 ELISA and PCV2 specific lymphocyte proliferation assay, respectively. And PRV-PCV2 immunization protected mice against a lethal challenge of a virulent PRV Ea strain. In pigs, PRV-PCV2 elicited significant immune response towards PRV and PCV2 as indicated by PRV-ELISA, PRV neutralizing assay and PCV2 specific lymphocyte proliferation assay, respectively. This is a first step toward the development of a potential candidate divalent vaccine against PRV and PCV2 infections.