Stimulus induced reset of 40-Hz auditory steady-state responses.Neurol Clin Neurophysiol. 2004 Nov 30; 2004:21.NC
Auditory steady-state responses (ASSR) were evoked with 40-Hz amplitude modulated 500-Hz tones. An additional impulse-like noise stimulus (2,000 +/- 500 Hz) with spectrum clearly distinct from the one of the AM sound, induced pronounced perturbations in the ASSR. The effect of the interfering noise was interpreted as (1) reset of the ASSR because of a sudden loss in phase coherence, (2) a decrease in signal power immediately after presentation of the noise impulse, and (3) a modulation of ASSR amplitude and phase resembling the time course of the ASSR onset. The time-course of the ASSR onset was interpreted as reflecting temporal integration over several 100 ms. The reset of the ASSR was discussed as a powerful mechanism, which allows for fast reaction to a short stimulus change that overcomes the disadvantage of the ASSR's long integration time constant.