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Outbreak of trichinellosis associated with consumption of game meat in West Greenland.
Vet Parasitol. 2005 Sep 05; 132(1-2):131-6.VP

Abstract

The Inuit population of the Arctic has always been at risk of acquiring trichinellosis and severe outbreaks have been recorded in Alaska and Canada. In West Greenland, a number of large outbreaks took place during the 1940s and 1950s; they involved total 420 cases including 37 deaths. Since then only sporadic cases have been reported. Here, we describe an outbreak of infection with Trichinella spp. after consumption of infected meat presumably from walrus or polar bear caught in western Greenland. Six persons who had eaten of the walrus and polar bear meat were two males and four females, age range 6--47 years. Using ELISA and Western blot analysis (Trichinella-specific IgG antibodies against excreted/secreted antigen and synthetic tyvelose antigen, respectively) four of these persons were found to be sero-positive for Trichinella antibodies, with three of these having clinical symptoms compatible with trichinellosis. On re-test, 12--14 months later one of the two sero-negative persons had sero-converted, probably due to a new, unrelated infection. This study demonstrates that acquiring Trichinella from the consumption of marine mammals remains a possibility in Greenland, and that cases may go undetected. Trichinellosis in Greenland can be prevented by the implementation of public health measures.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Danish Centre for Experimental Parasitology, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Frederiksberg, Denmark. lnm@kvl.dkNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16023294

Citation

Møller, Lone Nukâraq, et al. "Outbreak of Trichinellosis Associated With Consumption of Game Meat in West Greenland." Veterinary Parasitology, vol. 132, no. 1-2, 2005, pp. 131-6.
Møller LN, Petersen E, Kapel CM, et al. Outbreak of trichinellosis associated with consumption of game meat in West Greenland. Vet Parasitol. 2005;132(1-2):131-6.
Møller, L. N., Petersen, E., Kapel, C. M., Melbye, M., & Koch, A. (2005). Outbreak of trichinellosis associated with consumption of game meat in West Greenland. Veterinary Parasitology, 132(1-2), 131-6.
Møller LN, et al. Outbreak of Trichinellosis Associated With Consumption of Game Meat in West Greenland. Vet Parasitol. 2005 Sep 5;132(1-2):131-6. PubMed PMID: 16023294.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Outbreak of trichinellosis associated with consumption of game meat in West Greenland. AU - Møller,Lone Nukâraq, AU - Petersen,Eskild, AU - Kapel,Christian M O, AU - Melbye,Mads, AU - Koch,Anders, PY - 2005/7/19/pubmed PY - 2005/11/16/medline PY - 2005/7/19/entrez SP - 131 EP - 6 JF - Veterinary parasitology JO - Vet. Parasitol. VL - 132 IS - 1-2 N2 - The Inuit population of the Arctic has always been at risk of acquiring trichinellosis and severe outbreaks have been recorded in Alaska and Canada. In West Greenland, a number of large outbreaks took place during the 1940s and 1950s; they involved total 420 cases including 37 deaths. Since then only sporadic cases have been reported. Here, we describe an outbreak of infection with Trichinella spp. after consumption of infected meat presumably from walrus or polar bear caught in western Greenland. Six persons who had eaten of the walrus and polar bear meat were two males and four females, age range 6--47 years. Using ELISA and Western blot analysis (Trichinella-specific IgG antibodies against excreted/secreted antigen and synthetic tyvelose antigen, respectively) four of these persons were found to be sero-positive for Trichinella antibodies, with three of these having clinical symptoms compatible with trichinellosis. On re-test, 12--14 months later one of the two sero-negative persons had sero-converted, probably due to a new, unrelated infection. This study demonstrates that acquiring Trichinella from the consumption of marine mammals remains a possibility in Greenland, and that cases may go undetected. Trichinellosis in Greenland can be prevented by the implementation of public health measures. SN - 0304-4017 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16023294/Outbreak_of_trichinellosis_associated_with_consumption_of_game_meat_in_West_Greenland_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0304-4017(05)00272-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -