Long-term efficacy of Burch colposuspension: a 14-year follow-up study.Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2005 Aug; 84(8):767-72.AO
The aim of this study is to investigate the long-term efficacy of the Burch colposuspension and to analyze the risk factors for an unsuccessful outcome at the long-term follow-up of more than 10 years.
Data from patient files of 190 women on whom surgery was performed with Burch colposuspension during 1980-1988 and answers from a postal questionnaire performed median 14 years after the Burch colposuspension concerning the lower urinary tract function were retrieved retrospectively.
Subjectively significant urinary incontinence was experienced by 56% of the responders. Only 19% reported no incontinence episodes. Among the significant urinary incontinent women, symptoms of stress incontinence occurred in 26%, urge incontinence in 17%, and mixed incontinence in 42%. In 15%, the symptom of incontinence was atypical and could not be categorized. Feeling of incomplete bladder emptying post-operatively and pre-operative obesity was associated with the long-term outcome of Burch colposuspension (odds ratio (OR) = 2.33; 95% confidence interval (95% CI) = 1.20-4.54 and OR = 2.52; 95% CI = 1.10-5.77, respectively). Age, obesity at the long-term follow-up or having had surgery for fecal incontinence, genital prolapse, or hysterectomy were not significantly associated with the outcome of the Burch colposuspension.
The subjective cure rate decreases with time after Burch colposuspension. Lower urinary tract symptoms are very common at the long-term after Burch colposuspension with more than three-fourth experiencing these. Feeling of incomplete bladder emptying post-operatively and pre-operative obesity seem to be long-term risk factors for an adverse outcome. A standard definition for follow-up periods is suggested.