[Changes of serum soluble P-selectin and tumor necrotic factor-alpha in patients with CMV induced acute coronary syndrome].Zhonghua Shi Yan He Lin Chuang Bing Du Xue Za Zhi. 2005 Jun; 19(2):149-51.ZS
To explore the changes and relationship between serum soluble P-selectin, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) in coronary heart disease patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection.
The levels of circulating soluble P-selectin, TNF-alpha, HCMV-IgM and HCMV-IgG were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 79 cases for ACS group, 30 cases for stable angina (SA) group and 30 healthy control cases.
(1) The serum positive rate of HCMV-IgM and HCMV-IgG in the ACS, SA and healthy control groups were 30.4% (24/79), 10.0% (3/30) and 6.7% (2/30); 86.1% (68/79), 80.0% (24/30) and 53.3% (16/30), respectively. Positive rate of HCMV-IgM in the ACS was higher than those in SA and healthy control groups (P < 0.01), positive rate of HCMV-IgG in the ACS and SA groups were higher than that of the healthy control group (P < 0.01). (2) Compared with the SA group and healthy control group, the levels of the serum soluble P-selectin and TNF-alpha were significantly higher in patients with ACS [(6437.3 +/- 666.9) pg/ml vs. (1520.0 +/- 112.7) pg/ml and (1481.0 +/- 109.1) pg/ml, (56.2 +/- 18.4) pg/ml vs. (27.3 +/- 13.7) pg/ml and (28.1 +/- 11.3) pg/ml], respectively, P < 0.01). The AMI group, compared with the UA group in the ACS group, had significantly higher levels of the serum soluble P-selectin and TNF-alpha (P < 0.01). Compared with the SA group, the levels of the serum soluble P-selectin and TNF-alpha were not significantly different in healthy control group. (3) The levels of the serum soluble P-selectin and TNF-alpha in HCMV-IgM positive patients were significantly higher than the HCMV-IgM negative patients in the ACS group (P < 0.01).
The chronic infection with HCMV might injure endothelial cells that subsequently contribute to the formation and progression of atherosclerosis, the acute infection with HCMV may induce increased serum levels of soluble P-selectin and TNF-alpha that might participate in acute coronary events.