High doses of pergolide improve clinical global impression in advanced Parkinson's disease:- a preliminary open label study.Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2005 Nov-Dec; 41(3):239-53.AG
We evaluated the efficacy and safety of high-dose pergolide treatment in patients with moderate to severe Parkinson's disease (PD) in an open-label multicenter clinical trial. The primary objective was to assess the amount of reduction in levodopa, the improvement in Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) and adverse reactions. We treated 32 patients with PD presenting with motor fluctuations. Pergolide treatment started with a dose escalation period of 12 weeks followed by a 12-week continuation period. Pergolide doses were increased up to a maximum of 12 mg/day in combination with a simultaneous decrease of levodopa doses in 100mg steps. Levodopa was reduced from 500 mg/day (median) to 250 mg/day. Mean UPDRS part III improved significantly (p=0.01). Clinical global impression improved significantly after 24 weeks (p<0.01). Most frequent adverse events were hallucinations, asthenia, anxiety, abdominal pain, and peripheral edema. Twenty-two patients finished the complete study according to protocol. A possible relationship to the study medication was assumed for two serious adverse events reporting psychosis. We conclude that high doses of pergolide are efficacious in advanced stages of PD if given in appropriate regimens.