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Serum concentrations of beta-carotene, vitamins C and E, zinc and selenium are influenced by sex, age, diet, smoking status, alcohol consumption and corpulence in a general French adult population.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To assess relationships between energy, nutrient and food intakes, alcohol consumption, smoking status and body mass index (BMI), and serum concentrations of beta-carotene, alpha-tocopherol, vitamin C, selenium and zinc.

METHODS

Data on health status, alcohol consumption, smoking habits, anthropometric data and biochemical measurements were obtained in 1821 women aged 35-60 y and 1307 men aged 45-60 y, participant to the SU.VI.MAX Study. Data on dietary intake were available on a subsample who reported six 24-h dietary records during the first 18 months of the study.

RESULTS

Women had higher baseline serum beta-carotene and vitamin C concentrations and lower concentration for serum vitamin E, zinc and selenium than men. In women, younger age was associated with lowered mean concentration of serum beta-carotene, vitamin E and selenium. In men, only differences were observed for serum zinc, which was lower in older men. Current smokers of both sexes had significantly lower concentrations of serum beta-carotene, vitamin C and selenium, and, only in women, of vitamin E, than nonsmokers. Alcohol consumers had lower concentrations of serum beta-carotene and higher selenium concentrations. Serum beta-carotene and vitamin C concentrations were lower in obese subjects. There were positive associations of dietary beta-carotene, vitamin C and E with their serum concentrations. Age, nutrient and alcohol intakes, serum cholesterol, BMI and smoking status explained 15.2% of the variance of serum beta-carotene in men and 13.9% in women, and 10.8 and 10.0% for serum vitamin C, and 26.3 and 28.6% for serum vitamin E, respectively.

CONCLUSION

Serum antioxidant nutrient concentrations are primarily influenced by sex, age, obesity, tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption and especially dietary intake of those antioxidant nutrients.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    U557 Inserm (UMR Inserm/Inra/CNAM), Institut Scientifique et Technique de la Nutrition et de l'Alimentation/CNAM, Paris, France. pilar.galan@cnam.fr

    , , , , , , , , , ,

    Source

    European journal of clinical nutrition 59:10 2005 Oct pg 1181-90

    MeSH

    Adult
    Age Factors
    Alcohol Drinking
    Antioxidants
    Ascorbic Acid
    Blood Chemical Analysis
    Diet
    Energy Intake
    Female
    France
    Humans
    Male
    Middle Aged
    Obesity
    Selenium
    Sex Factors
    Smoking
    Trace Elements
    Vitamin E
    Zinc
    beta Carotene

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    16034362

    Citation

    Galan, P, et al. "Serum Concentrations of Beta-carotene, Vitamins C and E, Zinc and Selenium Are Influenced By Sex, Age, Diet, Smoking Status, Alcohol Consumption and Corpulence in a General French Adult Population." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 59, no. 10, 2005, pp. 1181-90.
    Galan P, Viteri FE, Bertrais S, et al. Serum concentrations of beta-carotene, vitamins C and E, zinc and selenium are influenced by sex, age, diet, smoking status, alcohol consumption and corpulence in a general French adult population. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2005;59(10):1181-90.
    Galan, P., Viteri, F. E., Bertrais, S., Czernichow, S., Faure, H., Arnaud, J., ... Hercberg, S. (2005). Serum concentrations of beta-carotene, vitamins C and E, zinc and selenium are influenced by sex, age, diet, smoking status, alcohol consumption and corpulence in a general French adult population. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 59(10), pp. 1181-90.
    Galan P, et al. Serum Concentrations of Beta-carotene, Vitamins C and E, Zinc and Selenium Are Influenced By Sex, Age, Diet, Smoking Status, Alcohol Consumption and Corpulence in a General French Adult Population. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2005;59(10):1181-90. PubMed PMID: 16034362.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Serum concentrations of beta-carotene, vitamins C and E, zinc and selenium are influenced by sex, age, diet, smoking status, alcohol consumption and corpulence in a general French adult population. AU - Galan,P, AU - Viteri,F E, AU - Bertrais,S, AU - Czernichow,S, AU - Faure,H, AU - Arnaud,J, AU - Ruffieux,D, AU - Chenal,S, AU - Arnault,N, AU - Favier,A, AU - Roussel,A-M, AU - Hercberg,S, PY - 2005/7/22/pubmed PY - 2005/12/31/medline PY - 2005/7/22/entrez SP - 1181 EP - 90 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 59 IS - 10 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To assess relationships between energy, nutrient and food intakes, alcohol consumption, smoking status and body mass index (BMI), and serum concentrations of beta-carotene, alpha-tocopherol, vitamin C, selenium and zinc. METHODS: Data on health status, alcohol consumption, smoking habits, anthropometric data and biochemical measurements were obtained in 1821 women aged 35-60 y and 1307 men aged 45-60 y, participant to the SU.VI.MAX Study. Data on dietary intake were available on a subsample who reported six 24-h dietary records during the first 18 months of the study. RESULTS: Women had higher baseline serum beta-carotene and vitamin C concentrations and lower concentration for serum vitamin E, zinc and selenium than men. In women, younger age was associated with lowered mean concentration of serum beta-carotene, vitamin E and selenium. In men, only differences were observed for serum zinc, which was lower in older men. Current smokers of both sexes had significantly lower concentrations of serum beta-carotene, vitamin C and selenium, and, only in women, of vitamin E, than nonsmokers. Alcohol consumers had lower concentrations of serum beta-carotene and higher selenium concentrations. Serum beta-carotene and vitamin C concentrations were lower in obese subjects. There were positive associations of dietary beta-carotene, vitamin C and E with their serum concentrations. Age, nutrient and alcohol intakes, serum cholesterol, BMI and smoking status explained 15.2% of the variance of serum beta-carotene in men and 13.9% in women, and 10.8 and 10.0% for serum vitamin C, and 26.3 and 28.6% for serum vitamin E, respectively. CONCLUSION: Serum antioxidant nutrient concentrations are primarily influenced by sex, age, obesity, tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption and especially dietary intake of those antioxidant nutrients. SN - 0954-3007 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16034362/Serum_concentrations_of_beta_carotene_vitamins_C_and_E_zinc_and_selenium_are_influenced_by_sex_age_diet_smoking_status_alcohol_consumption_and_corpulence_in_a_general_French_adult_population_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602230 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -