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Serum concentrations of beta-carotene, vitamins C and E, zinc and selenium are influenced by sex, age, diet, smoking status, alcohol consumption and corpulence in a general French adult population.
Eur J Clin Nutr 2005; 59(10):1181-90EJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To assess relationships between energy, nutrient and food intakes, alcohol consumption, smoking status and body mass index (BMI), and serum concentrations of beta-carotene, alpha-tocopherol, vitamin C, selenium and zinc.

METHODS

Data on health status, alcohol consumption, smoking habits, anthropometric data and biochemical measurements were obtained in 1821 women aged 35-60 y and 1307 men aged 45-60 y, participant to the SU.VI.MAX Study. Data on dietary intake were available on a subsample who reported six 24-h dietary records during the first 18 months of the study.

RESULTS

Women had higher baseline serum beta-carotene and vitamin C concentrations and lower concentration for serum vitamin E, zinc and selenium than men. In women, younger age was associated with lowered mean concentration of serum beta-carotene, vitamin E and selenium. In men, only differences were observed for serum zinc, which was lower in older men. Current smokers of both sexes had significantly lower concentrations of serum beta-carotene, vitamin C and selenium, and, only in women, of vitamin E, than nonsmokers. Alcohol consumers had lower concentrations of serum beta-carotene and higher selenium concentrations. Serum beta-carotene and vitamin C concentrations were lower in obese subjects. There were positive associations of dietary beta-carotene, vitamin C and E with their serum concentrations. Age, nutrient and alcohol intakes, serum cholesterol, BMI and smoking status explained 15.2% of the variance of serum beta-carotene in men and 13.9% in women, and 10.8 and 10.0% for serum vitamin C, and 26.3 and 28.6% for serum vitamin E, respectively.

CONCLUSION

Serum antioxidant nutrient concentrations are primarily influenced by sex, age, obesity, tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption and especially dietary intake of those antioxidant nutrients.

Authors+Show Affiliations

U557 Inserm (UMR Inserm/Inra/CNAM), Institut Scientifique et Technique de la Nutrition et de l'Alimentation/CNAM, Paris, France. pilar.galan@cnam.frNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16034362

Citation

Galan, P, et al. "Serum Concentrations of Beta-carotene, Vitamins C and E, Zinc and Selenium Are Influenced By Sex, Age, Diet, Smoking Status, Alcohol Consumption and Corpulence in a General French Adult Population." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 59, no. 10, 2005, pp. 1181-90.
Galan P, Viteri FE, Bertrais S, et al. Serum concentrations of beta-carotene, vitamins C and E, zinc and selenium are influenced by sex, age, diet, smoking status, alcohol consumption and corpulence in a general French adult population. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2005;59(10):1181-90.
Galan, P., Viteri, F. E., Bertrais, S., Czernichow, S., Faure, H., Arnaud, J., ... Hercberg, S. (2005). Serum concentrations of beta-carotene, vitamins C and E, zinc and selenium are influenced by sex, age, diet, smoking status, alcohol consumption and corpulence in a general French adult population. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 59(10), pp. 1181-90.
Galan P, et al. Serum Concentrations of Beta-carotene, Vitamins C and E, Zinc and Selenium Are Influenced By Sex, Age, Diet, Smoking Status, Alcohol Consumption and Corpulence in a General French Adult Population. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2005;59(10):1181-90. PubMed PMID: 16034362.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Serum concentrations of beta-carotene, vitamins C and E, zinc and selenium are influenced by sex, age, diet, smoking status, alcohol consumption and corpulence in a general French adult population. AU - Galan,P, AU - Viteri,F E, AU - Bertrais,S, AU - Czernichow,S, AU - Faure,H, AU - Arnaud,J, AU - Ruffieux,D, AU - Chenal,S, AU - Arnault,N, AU - Favier,A, AU - Roussel,A-M, AU - Hercberg,S, PY - 2005/7/22/pubmed PY - 2005/12/31/medline PY - 2005/7/22/entrez SP - 1181 EP - 90 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 59 IS - 10 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To assess relationships between energy, nutrient and food intakes, alcohol consumption, smoking status and body mass index (BMI), and serum concentrations of beta-carotene, alpha-tocopherol, vitamin C, selenium and zinc. METHODS: Data on health status, alcohol consumption, smoking habits, anthropometric data and biochemical measurements were obtained in 1821 women aged 35-60 y and 1307 men aged 45-60 y, participant to the SU.VI.MAX Study. Data on dietary intake were available on a subsample who reported six 24-h dietary records during the first 18 months of the study. RESULTS: Women had higher baseline serum beta-carotene and vitamin C concentrations and lower concentration for serum vitamin E, zinc and selenium than men. In women, younger age was associated with lowered mean concentration of serum beta-carotene, vitamin E and selenium. In men, only differences were observed for serum zinc, which was lower in older men. Current smokers of both sexes had significantly lower concentrations of serum beta-carotene, vitamin C and selenium, and, only in women, of vitamin E, than nonsmokers. Alcohol consumers had lower concentrations of serum beta-carotene and higher selenium concentrations. Serum beta-carotene and vitamin C concentrations were lower in obese subjects. There were positive associations of dietary beta-carotene, vitamin C and E with their serum concentrations. Age, nutrient and alcohol intakes, serum cholesterol, BMI and smoking status explained 15.2% of the variance of serum beta-carotene in men and 13.9% in women, and 10.8 and 10.0% for serum vitamin C, and 26.3 and 28.6% for serum vitamin E, respectively. CONCLUSION: Serum antioxidant nutrient concentrations are primarily influenced by sex, age, obesity, tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption and especially dietary intake of those antioxidant nutrients. SN - 0954-3007 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16034362/Serum_concentrations_of_beta_carotene_vitamins_C_and_E_zinc_and_selenium_are_influenced_by_sex_age_diet_smoking_status_alcohol_consumption_and_corpulence_in_a_general_French_adult_population_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602230 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -