A large-strain finite element formulation for biological tissues with application to mitral valve leaflet tissue mechanics.J Biomech. 2006; 39(8):1557-61.JB
This paper presents a finite element formulation suitable for large-strain modeling of biological tissues and uses this formulation to implement an accurate finite element model for mitral valve leaflet tissue. First, an experimentally derived strain energy function is obtained from literature. This function is implemented in finite elements using the mixed pressure-displacement formulation. A modification is made to aid in maintaining positive definiteness of the stiffness matrix at low strains. The numerical implementation is shown to be accurate in representing the analytical model of material behavior. The mixed formulation is useful for modeling of soft biological tissues in general, and the model presented here is applicable to finite element simulation of mitral valve mechanics.