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Incidence of open-angle glaucoma in a general elderly population: the Rotterdam Study.
Ophthalmology 2005; 112(9):1487-93O

Abstract

PURPOSE

To determine the incidence of open-angle glaucoma (OAG) in a general elderly white population.

DESIGN

Population-based cohort study.

PARTICIPANTS

Participants 55 years and older from the Rotterdam Study, The Netherlands.

METHODS

Participants at risk for incident OAG underwent at baseline (1990-1993) and follow-up (1997-1999) the same ophthalmic examination, including measurement of intraocular pressure, visual field testing, and stereo optic disc photography. The diagnosis of probable or definite OAG was made with an algorithm based on optic disc parameters and on visual field testing, independent of the intraocular pressure.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

Five-year risk and incidence rates of OAG.

RESULTS

In total, 3842 participants were examined (participation rate at follow-up, 78%). After a mean follow-up time of 6.5 years, probable (n = 58) or definite OAG (n = 29) developed in 87 persons. The 5-year risk of probable OAG was 1.2% and that of definite OAG 0.6%, and the rate rose for both together from 1% at age 60 years to approximately 3% at age 80 years. Bilateral OAG occurred 5 times more often after than before age 75 years. In participants with prevalent OAG in 1 eye, the 5-year risk of OAG in the fellow eye was 5 times higher than in fellow eyes of non-OAG eyes. Only 37% of the incident cases received treatment for OAG at the time of the reexamination.

CONCLUSIONS

The incidence of OAG rose significantly with age. Most of the patients with incident OAG were unaware of having OAG.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16039716

Citation

de Voogd, Simone, et al. "Incidence of Open-angle Glaucoma in a General Elderly Population: the Rotterdam Study." Ophthalmology, vol. 112, no. 9, 2005, pp. 1487-93.
de Voogd S, Ikram MK, Wolfs RC, et al. Incidence of open-angle glaucoma in a general elderly population: the Rotterdam Study. Ophthalmology. 2005;112(9):1487-93.
de Voogd, S., Ikram, M. K., Wolfs, R. C., Jansonius, N. M., Hofman, A., & de Jong, P. T. (2005). Incidence of open-angle glaucoma in a general elderly population: the Rotterdam Study. Ophthalmology, 112(9), pp. 1487-93.
de Voogd S, et al. Incidence of Open-angle Glaucoma in a General Elderly Population: the Rotterdam Study. Ophthalmology. 2005;112(9):1487-93. PubMed PMID: 16039716.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Incidence of open-angle glaucoma in a general elderly population: the Rotterdam Study. AU - de Voogd,Simone, AU - Ikram,M Kamran, AU - Wolfs,Roger C W, AU - Jansonius,Nomdo M, AU - Hofman,Albert, AU - de Jong,Paulus T V M, PY - 2004/10/23/received PY - 2005/04/12/accepted PY - 2005/7/26/pubmed PY - 2005/9/21/medline PY - 2005/7/26/entrez SP - 1487 EP - 93 JF - Ophthalmology JO - Ophthalmology VL - 112 IS - 9 N2 - PURPOSE: To determine the incidence of open-angle glaucoma (OAG) in a general elderly white population. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Participants 55 years and older from the Rotterdam Study, The Netherlands. METHODS: Participants at risk for incident OAG underwent at baseline (1990-1993) and follow-up (1997-1999) the same ophthalmic examination, including measurement of intraocular pressure, visual field testing, and stereo optic disc photography. The diagnosis of probable or definite OAG was made with an algorithm based on optic disc parameters and on visual field testing, independent of the intraocular pressure. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Five-year risk and incidence rates of OAG. RESULTS: In total, 3842 participants were examined (participation rate at follow-up, 78%). After a mean follow-up time of 6.5 years, probable (n = 58) or definite OAG (n = 29) developed in 87 persons. The 5-year risk of probable OAG was 1.2% and that of definite OAG 0.6%, and the rate rose for both together from 1% at age 60 years to approximately 3% at age 80 years. Bilateral OAG occurred 5 times more often after than before age 75 years. In participants with prevalent OAG in 1 eye, the 5-year risk of OAG in the fellow eye was 5 times higher than in fellow eyes of non-OAG eyes. Only 37% of the incident cases received treatment for OAG at the time of the reexamination. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of OAG rose significantly with age. Most of the patients with incident OAG were unaware of having OAG. SN - 1549-4713 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16039716/Incidence_of_open_angle_glaucoma_in_a_general_elderly_population:_the_Rotterdam_Study_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0161-6420(05)00692-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -