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Mortality in US Army Gulf War veterans exposed to 1991 Khamisiyah chemical munitions destruction.
Am J Public Health. 2005 Aug; 95(8):1382-8.AJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

We investigated whether US Army Gulf War veterans who were potentially exposed to nerve agents during the March 1991 weapons demolitions at Khamisiyah, Iraq, are at increased risk of cause-specific mortality.

METHODS

The cause-specific mortality of 100487 exposed US Army Gulf War veterans was compared with that of 224980 unexposed US Army Gulf War veterans. Exposure was determined with the Department of Defense 2000 plume model. Relative risk estimates were derived from Cox proportional hazards models.

RESULTS

The risks of most disease-related mortality were similar for exposed and unexposed veterans. However, exposed veterans had an increased risk of brain cancer deaths (relative risk [RR]=1.94; 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.12, 3.34). The risk of brain cancer death was larger among those exposed 2 or more days than those exposed 1 day when both were compared separately to all unexposed veterans (RR=3.26; 95% CI=1.33, 7.96; RR=1.72; 95% CI=0.95,3.10, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS

Exposure to chemical munitions at Khamisiyah may be associated with an increased risk of brain cancer death. Additional research is required to confirm this finding.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Veterans Affairs, Veterans Health Administration, Mail Stop 135, Environmental Epidemiology Service, 810 Vermont Ave, Washington, DC 20420, USA. tim.bullman@hq.med.va.govNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16043669

Citation

Bullman, Tim A., et al. "Mortality in US Army Gulf War Veterans Exposed to 1991 Khamisiyah Chemical Munitions Destruction." American Journal of Public Health, vol. 95, no. 8, 2005, pp. 1382-8.
Bullman TA, Mahan CM, Kang HK, et al. Mortality in US Army Gulf War veterans exposed to 1991 Khamisiyah chemical munitions destruction. Am J Public Health. 2005;95(8):1382-8.
Bullman, T. A., Mahan, C. M., Kang, H. K., & Page, W. F. (2005). Mortality in US Army Gulf War veterans exposed to 1991 Khamisiyah chemical munitions destruction. American Journal of Public Health, 95(8), 1382-8.
Bullman TA, et al. Mortality in US Army Gulf War Veterans Exposed to 1991 Khamisiyah Chemical Munitions Destruction. Am J Public Health. 2005;95(8):1382-8. PubMed PMID: 16043669.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Mortality in US Army Gulf War veterans exposed to 1991 Khamisiyah chemical munitions destruction. AU - Bullman,Tim A, AU - Mahan,Clare M, AU - Kang,Han K, AU - Page,William F, PY - 2005/7/27/pubmed PY - 2005/10/21/medline PY - 2005/7/27/entrez SP - 1382 EP - 8 JF - American journal of public health JO - Am J Public Health VL - 95 IS - 8 N2 - OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether US Army Gulf War veterans who were potentially exposed to nerve agents during the March 1991 weapons demolitions at Khamisiyah, Iraq, are at increased risk of cause-specific mortality. METHODS: The cause-specific mortality of 100487 exposed US Army Gulf War veterans was compared with that of 224980 unexposed US Army Gulf War veterans. Exposure was determined with the Department of Defense 2000 plume model. Relative risk estimates were derived from Cox proportional hazards models. RESULTS: The risks of most disease-related mortality were similar for exposed and unexposed veterans. However, exposed veterans had an increased risk of brain cancer deaths (relative risk [RR]=1.94; 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.12, 3.34). The risk of brain cancer death was larger among those exposed 2 or more days than those exposed 1 day when both were compared separately to all unexposed veterans (RR=3.26; 95% CI=1.33, 7.96; RR=1.72; 95% CI=0.95,3.10, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to chemical munitions at Khamisiyah may be associated with an increased risk of brain cancer death. Additional research is required to confirm this finding. SN - 0090-0036 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16043669/Mortality_in_US_Army_Gulf_War_veterans_exposed_to_1991_Khamisiyah_chemical_munitions_destruction_ L2 - https://www.ajph.org/doi/10.2105/AJPH.2004.045799?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -