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Comparison of body fatness measurements by BMI and skinfolds vs dual energy X-ray absorptiometry and their relation to cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents.
Int J Obes (Lond). 2005 Nov; 29(11):1346-52.IJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To compare estimates of adiposity by dual emission X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), skinfolds and body mass index (BMI); and to evaluate the relation of these measures to cardiovascular risk in adolescents.

DESIGN

In a cohort of adolescents participating in a longitudinal study of insulin resistance, Slaughter formulas were used to estimate adiposity from skinfolds and DXA was used to estimate adiposity as % body fat (%BF) and fat mass (FBM). BMI, blood pressure, lipids and insulin resistance were measured.

SUBJECTS

Male and female, 11-17 y old (n=130).

MEASUREMENTS

To compare DXA with two office-based methods of assessing fatness and cardiovascular risk.

RESULTS

Slaughter estimates were highly correlated with DXA (%BF r=0.92, P=0.0001; FBM r=0.96, P=0.0001). Correlations were similar in heavy and thin children. BMI was also highly correlated with DXA (%BF r=0.85, P=0.0001; FBM r=0.95, P=0.0001), and these relations were stronger in heavy than thin children. BMI and the Slaughter formulas were similar to DXA in their relations to cardiovascular risk factors.

CONCLUSIONS

Adiposity by BMI and Slaughter formulas are highly correlated with DXA and similarly related to cardiovascular risk factors. BMI is easy to obtain and is an acceptable method for initial office estimation of body fatness. BMI and skinfolds compare well with DXA in predicting adverse cardiovascular risk profile.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA. stein055@umn.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16044176

Citation

Steinberger, J, et al. "Comparison of Body Fatness Measurements By BMI and Skinfolds Vs Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry and Their Relation to Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Adolescents." International Journal of Obesity (2005), vol. 29, no. 11, 2005, pp. 1346-52.
Steinberger J, Jacobs DR, Raatz S, et al. Comparison of body fatness measurements by BMI and skinfolds vs dual energy X-ray absorptiometry and their relation to cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents. Int J Obes (Lond). 2005;29(11):1346-52.
Steinberger, J., Jacobs, D. R., Raatz, S., Moran, A., Hong, C. P., & Sinaiko, A. R. (2005). Comparison of body fatness measurements by BMI and skinfolds vs dual energy X-ray absorptiometry and their relation to cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents. International Journal of Obesity (2005), 29(11), 1346-52.
Steinberger J, et al. Comparison of Body Fatness Measurements By BMI and Skinfolds Vs Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry and Their Relation to Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Adolescents. Int J Obes (Lond). 2005;29(11):1346-52. PubMed PMID: 16044176.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Comparison of body fatness measurements by BMI and skinfolds vs dual energy X-ray absorptiometry and their relation to cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents. AU - Steinberger,J, AU - Jacobs,D R, AU - Raatz,S, AU - Moran,A, AU - Hong,C-P, AU - Sinaiko,A R, PY - 2005/7/27/pubmed PY - 2006/3/29/medline PY - 2005/7/27/entrez SP - 1346 EP - 52 JF - International journal of obesity (2005) JO - Int J Obes (Lond) VL - 29 IS - 11 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To compare estimates of adiposity by dual emission X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), skinfolds and body mass index (BMI); and to evaluate the relation of these measures to cardiovascular risk in adolescents. DESIGN: In a cohort of adolescents participating in a longitudinal study of insulin resistance, Slaughter formulas were used to estimate adiposity from skinfolds and DXA was used to estimate adiposity as % body fat (%BF) and fat mass (FBM). BMI, blood pressure, lipids and insulin resistance were measured. SUBJECTS: Male and female, 11-17 y old (n=130). MEASUREMENTS: To compare DXA with two office-based methods of assessing fatness and cardiovascular risk. RESULTS: Slaughter estimates were highly correlated with DXA (%BF r=0.92, P=0.0001; FBM r=0.96, P=0.0001). Correlations were similar in heavy and thin children. BMI was also highly correlated with DXA (%BF r=0.85, P=0.0001; FBM r=0.95, P=0.0001), and these relations were stronger in heavy than thin children. BMI and the Slaughter formulas were similar to DXA in their relations to cardiovascular risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: Adiposity by BMI and Slaughter formulas are highly correlated with DXA and similarly related to cardiovascular risk factors. BMI is easy to obtain and is an acceptable method for initial office estimation of body fatness. BMI and skinfolds compare well with DXA in predicting adverse cardiovascular risk profile. SN - 0307-0565 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16044176/Comparison_of_body_fatness_measurements_by_BMI_and_skinfolds_vs_dual_energy_X_ray_absorptiometry_and_their_relation_to_cardiovascular_risk_factors_in_adolescents_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijo.0803026 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -