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Composition of fatty acids triacylglycerols and unsaponifiable matter in Calophyllum calaba L. oil from Guadeloupe.
Phytochemistry. 2005 Aug; 66(15):1825-31.P

Abstract

The composition of the kernel oils of two Calophyllum species (Calophyllum calaba L. and Calophyllum inophyllum L.) was investigated. The physico-chemical properties and fatty acid composition of the kernel oils were examined. In two species, oleic acid C18:1 (39.1-50%) is the dominating fatty acid followed by linoleic acid C18:2 (21.7-31.1%) as the second major fatty acid. Stearic C18:0 (13.4-14.3%) and palmitic C16:0 (11-13.7%) acids are the major saturates. The oils contains an appreciable amount of unsaturated fatty acids (70.8-73.10%). Most of the fatty acids are present as triacylglycerol (76.7-84%), twenty one triacylglycerols are detected with predominantly unsaturated triacylglycerols. The total unsaponifiable content, its general composition and the identity of the components of the sterol and tocopherol fractions are presented. In both species, analysis of the unsaponifiable fractions revealed the preponderance of phytosterols, mainly stigmasterol (35.8-45.1%) and beta-sitosterol (41.1-43.1%). Among the eight tocopherols and tocotrienols present in two species, variations exist; alpha-tocopherol (183 mg/kg) is the main tocopherol in Calophyllum calaba L. and Delta-tocotrienol (236 mg/kg) is the dominant tocotrienol in Calophyllum inophyllum L.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Université Antilles-Guyane, Laboratoire QPVT (Qualité des Produits Végétaux Tropicaux), Department of Chemistry, Institut Universitaire et Technologique de Kourou, Campus de Saint Claude, France. sylvie.crane@univ-ag.frNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16045947

Citation

Crane, Sylvie, et al. "Composition of Fatty Acids Triacylglycerols and Unsaponifiable Matter in Calophyllum Calaba L. Oil From Guadeloupe." Phytochemistry, vol. 66, no. 15, 2005, pp. 1825-31.
Crane S, Aurore G, Joseph H, et al. Composition of fatty acids triacylglycerols and unsaponifiable matter in Calophyllum calaba L. oil from Guadeloupe. Phytochemistry. 2005;66(15):1825-31.
Crane, S., Aurore, G., Joseph, H., Mouloungui, Z., & Bourgeois, P. (2005). Composition of fatty acids triacylglycerols and unsaponifiable matter in Calophyllum calaba L. oil from Guadeloupe. Phytochemistry, 66(15), 1825-31.
Crane S, et al. Composition of Fatty Acids Triacylglycerols and Unsaponifiable Matter in Calophyllum Calaba L. Oil From Guadeloupe. Phytochemistry. 2005;66(15):1825-31. PubMed PMID: 16045947.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Composition of fatty acids triacylglycerols and unsaponifiable matter in Calophyllum calaba L. oil from Guadeloupe. AU - Crane,Sylvie, AU - Aurore,Guylène, AU - Joseph,Henry, AU - Mouloungui,Zéphirin, AU - Bourgeois,Paul, PY - 2005/01/24/received PY - 2005/06/08/revised PY - 2005/06/08/accepted PY - 2005/7/28/pubmed PY - 2005/10/28/medline PY - 2005/7/28/entrez SP - 1825 EP - 31 JF - Phytochemistry JO - Phytochemistry VL - 66 IS - 15 N2 - The composition of the kernel oils of two Calophyllum species (Calophyllum calaba L. and Calophyllum inophyllum L.) was investigated. The physico-chemical properties and fatty acid composition of the kernel oils were examined. In two species, oleic acid C18:1 (39.1-50%) is the dominating fatty acid followed by linoleic acid C18:2 (21.7-31.1%) as the second major fatty acid. Stearic C18:0 (13.4-14.3%) and palmitic C16:0 (11-13.7%) acids are the major saturates. The oils contains an appreciable amount of unsaturated fatty acids (70.8-73.10%). Most of the fatty acids are present as triacylglycerol (76.7-84%), twenty one triacylglycerols are detected with predominantly unsaturated triacylglycerols. The total unsaponifiable content, its general composition and the identity of the components of the sterol and tocopherol fractions are presented. In both species, analysis of the unsaponifiable fractions revealed the preponderance of phytosterols, mainly stigmasterol (35.8-45.1%) and beta-sitosterol (41.1-43.1%). Among the eight tocopherols and tocotrienols present in two species, variations exist; alpha-tocopherol (183 mg/kg) is the main tocopherol in Calophyllum calaba L. and Delta-tocotrienol (236 mg/kg) is the dominant tocotrienol in Calophyllum inophyllum L. SN - 0031-9422 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16045947/Composition_of_fatty_acids_triacylglycerols_and_unsaponifiable_matter_in_Calophyllum_calaba_L__oil_from_Guadeloupe_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0031-9422(05)00285-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -