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Depression and associated factors of informal caregivers versus professional caregivers of demented patients.
Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2005 Aug; 59(4):473-80.PC

Abstract

To examine the differences in depressive state and associated factors between informal and professional caregivers, a cross-sectional study was carried out in 23 informal home-based caregivers of demented patients, 24 professional caregivers working in the dementia ward of a psychiatric hospital, and 31 controls. Measurements included severity of dementia (Clinical Dementia Rating Scale, Mini Mental State Examination, MMSE) and levels of caregivers depression (Beck Depression Inventory; BDI), care burden (Zarit Caregiver Burden Interview; ZBI) and quality of life (World Health Organization-Quality of Life-26, WHO-QOL26). Informal caregivers had the highest BDI score and ZBI and the lowest QOL among the three studied groups. Regarding informal caregivers, there was a strong positive correlation between BDI and ZBI scores. The BDI and ZBI scores were significantly high when patients exhibited behavioral problems. The four WHO-QOL categories (physical domain, psychological domain, social relationships and environment) had a strong negative correlation with BDI. Regression analysis demonstrated that the psychological domain points of WHO-QOL, role strain factor of ZBI and MMSE score were significantly associated with BDI. Regarding professional caregivers, their BDI score had a strong negative correlation with the physical and psychological domains and environment categories of WHO-QOL. Regression analysis demonstrated that their BDI score was significantly associated with the psychological domain and environment. It is thus very important to provide sufficient social care services and/or personal support to informal caregivers.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Kanagawa Psychiatric Center Kinkou Hospital, Yokohama, Japan. megumita@kitasato-u.ac.jpNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16048454

Citation

Takahashi, Megumi, et al. "Depression and Associated Factors of Informal Caregivers Versus Professional Caregivers of Demented Patients." Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, vol. 59, no. 4, 2005, pp. 473-80.
Takahashi M, Tanaka K, Miyaoka H. Depression and associated factors of informal caregivers versus professional caregivers of demented patients. Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2005;59(4):473-80.
Takahashi, M., Tanaka, K., & Miyaoka, H. (2005). Depression and associated factors of informal caregivers versus professional caregivers of demented patients. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 59(4), 473-80.
Takahashi M, Tanaka K, Miyaoka H. Depression and Associated Factors of Informal Caregivers Versus Professional Caregivers of Demented Patients. Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2005;59(4):473-80. PubMed PMID: 16048454.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Depression and associated factors of informal caregivers versus professional caregivers of demented patients. AU - Takahashi,Megumi, AU - Tanaka,Katsutoshi, AU - Miyaoka,Hitoshi, PY - 2005/7/29/pubmed PY - 2005/9/15/medline PY - 2005/7/29/entrez SP - 473 EP - 80 JF - Psychiatry and clinical neurosciences JO - Psychiatry Clin Neurosci VL - 59 IS - 4 N2 - To examine the differences in depressive state and associated factors between informal and professional caregivers, a cross-sectional study was carried out in 23 informal home-based caregivers of demented patients, 24 professional caregivers working in the dementia ward of a psychiatric hospital, and 31 controls. Measurements included severity of dementia (Clinical Dementia Rating Scale, Mini Mental State Examination, MMSE) and levels of caregivers depression (Beck Depression Inventory; BDI), care burden (Zarit Caregiver Burden Interview; ZBI) and quality of life (World Health Organization-Quality of Life-26, WHO-QOL26). Informal caregivers had the highest BDI score and ZBI and the lowest QOL among the three studied groups. Regarding informal caregivers, there was a strong positive correlation between BDI and ZBI scores. The BDI and ZBI scores were significantly high when patients exhibited behavioral problems. The four WHO-QOL categories (physical domain, psychological domain, social relationships and environment) had a strong negative correlation with BDI. Regression analysis demonstrated that the psychological domain points of WHO-QOL, role strain factor of ZBI and MMSE score were significantly associated with BDI. Regarding professional caregivers, their BDI score had a strong negative correlation with the physical and psychological domains and environment categories of WHO-QOL. Regression analysis demonstrated that their BDI score was significantly associated with the psychological domain and environment. It is thus very important to provide sufficient social care services and/or personal support to informal caregivers. SN - 1323-1316 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16048454/Depression_and_associated_factors_of_informal_caregivers_versus_professional_caregivers_of_demented_patients_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1819.2005.01401.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -