Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Synergistic effects of combining morphological and molecular data in resolving the phylogeny of butterflies and skippers.
Proc Biol Sci. 2005 Aug 07; 272(1572):1577-86.PB

Abstract

Phylogenetic relationships among major clades of butterflies and skippers have long been controversial, with no general consensus even today. Such lack of resolution is a substantial impediment to using the otherwise well studied butterflies as a model group in biology. Here we report the results of a combined analysis of DNA sequences from three genes and a morphological data matrix for 57 taxa (3258 characters, 1290 parsimony informative) representing all major lineages from the three putative butterfly super-families (Hedyloidea, Hesperioidea and Papilionoidea), plus out-groups representing other ditrysian Lepidoptera families. Recently, the utility of morphological data as a source of phylogenetic evidence has been debated. We present the first well supported phylogenetic hypothesis for the butterflies and skippers based on a total-evidence analysis of both traditional morphological characters and new molecular characters from three gene regions (COI, EF-1alpha and wingless). All four data partitions show substantial hidden support for the deeper nodes, which emerges only in a combined analysis in which the addition of morphological data plays a crucial role. With the exception of Nymphalidae, the traditionally recognized families are found to be strongly supported monophyletic clades with the following relationships: (Hesperiidae+(Papilionidae+(Pieridae+(Nymphalidae+(Lycaenidae+Riodinidae))))). Nymphalidae is recovered as a monophyletic clade but this clade does not have strong support. Lycaenidae and Riodinidae are sister groups with strong support and we suggest that the latter be given family rank. The position of Pieridae as the sister taxon to nymphalids, lycaenids and riodinids is supported by morphology and the EF-1alpha data but conflicted by the COI and wingless data. Hedylidae are more likely to be related to butterflies and skippers than geometrid moths and appear to be the sister group to Papilionoidea+Hesperioidea.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Zoology, Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden. niklas.wahlberg@zoologi.su.seNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16048773

Citation

Wahlberg, Niklas, et al. "Synergistic Effects of Combining Morphological and Molecular Data in Resolving the Phylogeny of Butterflies and Skippers." Proceedings. Biological Sciences, vol. 272, no. 1572, 2005, pp. 1577-86.
Wahlberg N, Braby MF, Brower AV, et al. Synergistic effects of combining morphological and molecular data in resolving the phylogeny of butterflies and skippers. Proc Biol Sci. 2005;272(1572):1577-86.
Wahlberg, N., Braby, M. F., Brower, A. V., de Jong, R., Lee, M. M., Nylin, S., Pierce, N. E., Sperling, F. A., Vila, R., Warren, A. D., & Zakharov, E. (2005). Synergistic effects of combining morphological and molecular data in resolving the phylogeny of butterflies and skippers. Proceedings. Biological Sciences, 272(1572), 1577-86.
Wahlberg N, et al. Synergistic Effects of Combining Morphological and Molecular Data in Resolving the Phylogeny of Butterflies and Skippers. Proc Biol Sci. 2005 Aug 7;272(1572):1577-86. PubMed PMID: 16048773.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Synergistic effects of combining morphological and molecular data in resolving the phylogeny of butterflies and skippers. AU - Wahlberg,Niklas, AU - Braby,Michael F, AU - Brower,Andrew V Z, AU - de Jong,Rienk, AU - Lee,Ming-Min, AU - Nylin,Sören, AU - Pierce,Naomi E, AU - Sperling,Felix A H, AU - Vila,Roger, AU - Warren,Andrew D, AU - Zakharov,Evgueni, PY - 2005/7/29/pubmed PY - 2005/12/13/medline PY - 2005/7/29/entrez SP - 1577 EP - 86 JF - Proceedings. Biological sciences JO - Proc Biol Sci VL - 272 IS - 1572 N2 - Phylogenetic relationships among major clades of butterflies and skippers have long been controversial, with no general consensus even today. Such lack of resolution is a substantial impediment to using the otherwise well studied butterflies as a model group in biology. Here we report the results of a combined analysis of DNA sequences from three genes and a morphological data matrix for 57 taxa (3258 characters, 1290 parsimony informative) representing all major lineages from the three putative butterfly super-families (Hedyloidea, Hesperioidea and Papilionoidea), plus out-groups representing other ditrysian Lepidoptera families. Recently, the utility of morphological data as a source of phylogenetic evidence has been debated. We present the first well supported phylogenetic hypothesis for the butterflies and skippers based on a total-evidence analysis of both traditional morphological characters and new molecular characters from three gene regions (COI, EF-1alpha and wingless). All four data partitions show substantial hidden support for the deeper nodes, which emerges only in a combined analysis in which the addition of morphological data plays a crucial role. With the exception of Nymphalidae, the traditionally recognized families are found to be strongly supported monophyletic clades with the following relationships: (Hesperiidae+(Papilionidae+(Pieridae+(Nymphalidae+(Lycaenidae+Riodinidae))))). Nymphalidae is recovered as a monophyletic clade but this clade does not have strong support. Lycaenidae and Riodinidae are sister groups with strong support and we suggest that the latter be given family rank. The position of Pieridae as the sister taxon to nymphalids, lycaenids and riodinids is supported by morphology and the EF-1alpha data but conflicted by the COI and wingless data. Hedylidae are more likely to be related to butterflies and skippers than geometrid moths and appear to be the sister group to Papilionoidea+Hesperioidea. SN - 0962-8452 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16048773/Synergistic_effects_of_combining_morphological_and_molecular_data_in_resolving_the_phylogeny_of_butterflies_and_skippers_ L2 - https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rspb.2005.3124?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -