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[Effects of budesonide on chronic airway inflammation in guinea pigs sensitized with repeated exposure to allergen].
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi. 2005 Jun; 43(6):414-7.ZE

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Inhaled glucocorticosteroids (ICS) remains the first line controller medication for chronic airway inflammation in asthma till now. If the impact of allergen could not be eliminated, how would the improvement of airway inflammation be achieved with inhaled glucocorticosteroids therapy? What was its effect on airway remodeling? In this study, an animal model of asthma was established and the effects of budesonide on airway allergic inflammation and extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition in sensitized guinea pigs with repeated exposure to allergen were investigated.

METHODS

Thirty-two male Hartley guinea pigs were randomly divided into four groups with 8 in each group: (A) Group of repeated exposure to ovalbumin (OVA), (B) Group of repeated exposure to OVA plus budesonide (BUD) intervention, (C) Group of stopping repeated exposure to OVA plus stopping BUD intervention, (D) Control group. At 24 h after the last OVA challenge (8 weeks after the first OVA challenge), bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was collected from each animal. Total and differential leukocyte counts in BALF was performed on cell suspension smear stained with May-Grünwald-Giemsa (MGG) method. The upper lobe of right lung was removed and regularly fixed, then paraffin embedded lung tissues sections were prepared. The count of eosinophils infiltrated in the airway wall was performed on H&E stained lung tissue sections with LEICA Q500IW computerized image analysis system. Fibronectin and collagen type III (Col-III) deposited in the airway wall were detected by immunohistochemical staining on the paraffin embedded lung tissues sections. The intensity of positive reaction of fibronectin or Col-III deposited in the airway wall was analyzed with LEICA Q500IW computerized image analysis system.

RESULTS

The count of eosinophils in BALF (x 10(5)/ml) of group A and B were higher than that of group C and D (35.70 +/- 25.22, 11.49 +/- 5.51 vs. 1.00 +/- 0.90, 1.02 +/- 0.78, P < 0.01), the difference between group A and B, group B and C was significant. The count of eosinophils infiltrated at each level of airway wall in group A and B were higher than that of group C and D (large airway: 6.95 +/- 2.28, 1.54 +/- 1.09 vs. 0.76 +/- 0.45, 0.88 +/- 0.25; medial airway: 9.22 +/- 3.89, 3.99 +/- 2.3 vs. 1.25 +/- 1.20, 0.64 +/- 0.36; small airway: 11.56 +/- 4.02, 2.67 +/- 1.15 vs. 1.32 +/- 0.83, 0.43 +/- 0.24, P < 0.01), the difference between group A and B, group B and C was significant. The gray values of fibronectin deposited in medial and small airway of group A and B were lower than those of group C and D (medial airway 122 +/- 22, 174 +/- 23 vs. 219 +/- 34, 229 +/- 20; small airway 135 +/- 29, 165 +/- 41 vs. 236 +/- 20, 220 +/- 16, P < 0.05), the difference between group A and B, group B and C was significant. The gray values of Col-III deposited in medial and small airway of group A and B were lower than those of group C and D (medial airway 153 +/- 21, 174 +/- 22 vs. 189 +/- 14, 200 +/- 18; small airway 133 +/- 23, 176 +/- 20 vs. 191 +/- 14, 198 +/- 20, P < 0.05), the difference between group A and B was significant.

CONCLUSION

Inhaled budesonide could partially inhibit allergic inflammation and ECM deposition in airway wall in guinea pig chronic asthma model with repeated exposure to allergen. Early inhaled budesonide combined with avoidance of OVA exposure could completely inhibit allergic inflammation and ECM deposition. These results suggest that the inhibitory effect on airway allergic inflammation and airway remodeling of inhaled glucocorticosteroids would be limited when the allergen factor could not be avoided.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Respiratory function laboratory, Beijing Pediatric Research Institute, Beijing Children's Hospital affiliated to Capital University of Medical Sciences, Beijing 100045, China.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article

Language

chi

PubMed ID

16053723

Citation

Xiang, Li, et al. "[Effects of Budesonide On Chronic Airway Inflammation in Guinea Pigs Sensitized With Repeated Exposure to Allergen]." Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi = Chinese Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 43, no. 6, 2005, pp. 414-7.
Xiang L, Guo DY, Jiang ZF, et al. [Effects of budesonide on chronic airway inflammation in guinea pigs sensitized with repeated exposure to allergen]. Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi. 2005;43(6):414-7.
Xiang, L., Guo, D. Y., Jiang, Z. F., Liu, S. Y., & Xiong, Z. Y. (2005). [Effects of budesonide on chronic airway inflammation in guinea pigs sensitized with repeated exposure to allergen]. Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi = Chinese Journal of Pediatrics, 43(6), 414-7.
Xiang L, et al. [Effects of Budesonide On Chronic Airway Inflammation in Guinea Pigs Sensitized With Repeated Exposure to Allergen]. Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi. 2005;43(6):414-7. PubMed PMID: 16053723.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Effects of budesonide on chronic airway inflammation in guinea pigs sensitized with repeated exposure to allergen]. AU - Xiang,Li, AU - Guo,De-yu, AU - Jiang,Zai-fang, AU - Liu,Shi-ying, AU - Xiong,Zhen-yi, PY - 2005/8/2/pubmed PY - 2010/7/16/medline PY - 2005/8/2/entrez SP - 414 EP - 7 JF - Zhonghua er ke za zhi = Chinese journal of pediatrics JO - Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi VL - 43 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Inhaled glucocorticosteroids (ICS) remains the first line controller medication for chronic airway inflammation in asthma till now. If the impact of allergen could not be eliminated, how would the improvement of airway inflammation be achieved with inhaled glucocorticosteroids therapy? What was its effect on airway remodeling? In this study, an animal model of asthma was established and the effects of budesonide on airway allergic inflammation and extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition in sensitized guinea pigs with repeated exposure to allergen were investigated. METHODS: Thirty-two male Hartley guinea pigs were randomly divided into four groups with 8 in each group: (A) Group of repeated exposure to ovalbumin (OVA), (B) Group of repeated exposure to OVA plus budesonide (BUD) intervention, (C) Group of stopping repeated exposure to OVA plus stopping BUD intervention, (D) Control group. At 24 h after the last OVA challenge (8 weeks after the first OVA challenge), bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was collected from each animal. Total and differential leukocyte counts in BALF was performed on cell suspension smear stained with May-Grünwald-Giemsa (MGG) method. The upper lobe of right lung was removed and regularly fixed, then paraffin embedded lung tissues sections were prepared. The count of eosinophils infiltrated in the airway wall was performed on H&E stained lung tissue sections with LEICA Q500IW computerized image analysis system. Fibronectin and collagen type III (Col-III) deposited in the airway wall were detected by immunohistochemical staining on the paraffin embedded lung tissues sections. The intensity of positive reaction of fibronectin or Col-III deposited in the airway wall was analyzed with LEICA Q500IW computerized image analysis system. RESULTS: The count of eosinophils in BALF (x 10(5)/ml) of group A and B were higher than that of group C and D (35.70 +/- 25.22, 11.49 +/- 5.51 vs. 1.00 +/- 0.90, 1.02 +/- 0.78, P < 0.01), the difference between group A and B, group B and C was significant. The count of eosinophils infiltrated at each level of airway wall in group A and B were higher than that of group C and D (large airway: 6.95 +/- 2.28, 1.54 +/- 1.09 vs. 0.76 +/- 0.45, 0.88 +/- 0.25; medial airway: 9.22 +/- 3.89, 3.99 +/- 2.3 vs. 1.25 +/- 1.20, 0.64 +/- 0.36; small airway: 11.56 +/- 4.02, 2.67 +/- 1.15 vs. 1.32 +/- 0.83, 0.43 +/- 0.24, P < 0.01), the difference between group A and B, group B and C was significant. The gray values of fibronectin deposited in medial and small airway of group A and B were lower than those of group C and D (medial airway 122 +/- 22, 174 +/- 23 vs. 219 +/- 34, 229 +/- 20; small airway 135 +/- 29, 165 +/- 41 vs. 236 +/- 20, 220 +/- 16, P < 0.05), the difference between group A and B, group B and C was significant. The gray values of Col-III deposited in medial and small airway of group A and B were lower than those of group C and D (medial airway 153 +/- 21, 174 +/- 22 vs. 189 +/- 14, 200 +/- 18; small airway 133 +/- 23, 176 +/- 20 vs. 191 +/- 14, 198 +/- 20, P < 0.05), the difference between group A and B was significant. CONCLUSION: Inhaled budesonide could partially inhibit allergic inflammation and ECM deposition in airway wall in guinea pig chronic asthma model with repeated exposure to allergen. Early inhaled budesonide combined with avoidance of OVA exposure could completely inhibit allergic inflammation and ECM deposition. These results suggest that the inhibitory effect on airway allergic inflammation and airway remodeling of inhaled glucocorticosteroids would be limited when the allergen factor could not be avoided. SN - 0578-1310 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16053723/[Effects_of_budesonide_on_chronic_airway_inflammation_in_guinea_pigs_sensitized_with_repeated_exposure_to_allergen]_ L2 - http://journal.yiigle.com/LinkIn.do?linkin_type=pubmed&amp;issn=0578-1310&amp;year=2005&amp;vol=43&amp;issue=6&amp;fpage=414 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -