Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Demographic factors and their relationship with the presence of CVI signs in Italy: the 24-cities cohort study.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is a common progressive disease, the deterioration rate depending on specific risk factors. Demographic characteristics associated with the prevalence of objective signs of CVI were evaluated in a cross-sectional population study in Italy.

METHODS

A sample of 5247 people selected by advertising in television and newspapers in 24 Italian cities underwent a clinical examination of the lower limbs, including colour-coded duplex ultrasonography, to determine the presence and severity of CVI. Of these, 4288 subjects provided demographic data that could be analysed by multiple logistic regression model using sex, age, region and family history as covariates.

RESULTS

Women were four or more times as likely as men to develop telangiectasia, whilst males had a two-fold increased risk of trunk varices. Age was the main risk factor for vein varicosis in the female population, with women aged over 50 years being almost five times as likely as those aged 29 or less to show trunk varices. Females living in the southern regions had a two-fold increase in risk of developing CVI signs and the risk increased by at least 1.3 times in multiparous women. A positive familial history of disease increased the risk for varicose veins.

CONCLUSIONS

Demographic characters such as sex, advanced age, living in the southern regions, number of pregnancies and a family history of CVI were all contributing risk factors for the development of CVI in Italy.

Links

  • FREE Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Vita-Salute University, Scientific Institute H. San Raffaele, Milan, Italy.

    , , , ,

    Source

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Adult
    Age Factors
    Aged
    Aged, 80 and over
    Chronic Disease
    Cohort Studies
    Female
    Humans
    Italy
    Male
    Middle Aged
    Population Surveillance
    Pregnancy
    Prevalence
    Regression Analysis
    Retrospective Studies
    Risk Factors
    Sex Factors
    Venous Insufficiency

    Pub Type(s)

    Comparative Study
    Journal Article
    Multicenter Study
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    16055355

    Citation

    Chiesa, R, et al. "Demographic Factors and Their Relationship With the Presence of CVI Signs in Italy: the 24-cities Cohort Study." European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery : the Official Journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery, vol. 30, no. 6, 2005, pp. 674-80.
    Chiesa R, Marone EM, Limoni C, et al. Demographic factors and their relationship with the presence of CVI signs in Italy: the 24-cities cohort study. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2005;30(6):674-80.
    Chiesa, R., Marone, E. M., Limoni, C., Volonté, M., Schaefer, E., & Petrini, O. (2005). Demographic factors and their relationship with the presence of CVI signs in Italy: the 24-cities cohort study. European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery : the Official Journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery, 30(6), pp. 674-80.
    Chiesa R, et al. Demographic Factors and Their Relationship With the Presence of CVI Signs in Italy: the 24-cities Cohort Study. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2005;30(6):674-80. PubMed PMID: 16055355.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Demographic factors and their relationship with the presence of CVI signs in Italy: the 24-cities cohort study. AU - Chiesa,R, AU - Marone,E M, AU - Limoni,C, AU - Volonté,M, AU - Schaefer,E, AU - Petrini,O, Y1 - 2005/08/01/ PY - 2005/04/06/received PY - 2005/06/07/revised PY - 2005/06/24/accepted PY - 2005/8/2/pubmed PY - 2006/1/13/medline PY - 2005/8/2/entrez SP - 674 EP - 80 JF - European journal of vascular and endovascular surgery : the official journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery JO - Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg VL - 30 IS - 6 N2 - BACKGROUND: Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is a common progressive disease, the deterioration rate depending on specific risk factors. Demographic characteristics associated with the prevalence of objective signs of CVI were evaluated in a cross-sectional population study in Italy. METHODS: A sample of 5247 people selected by advertising in television and newspapers in 24 Italian cities underwent a clinical examination of the lower limbs, including colour-coded duplex ultrasonography, to determine the presence and severity of CVI. Of these, 4288 subjects provided demographic data that could be analysed by multiple logistic regression model using sex, age, region and family history as covariates. RESULTS: Women were four or more times as likely as men to develop telangiectasia, whilst males had a two-fold increased risk of trunk varices. Age was the main risk factor for vein varicosis in the female population, with women aged over 50 years being almost five times as likely as those aged 29 or less to show trunk varices. Females living in the southern regions had a two-fold increase in risk of developing CVI signs and the risk increased by at least 1.3 times in multiparous women. A positive familial history of disease increased the risk for varicose veins. CONCLUSIONS: Demographic characters such as sex, advanced age, living in the southern regions, number of pregnancies and a family history of CVI were all contributing risk factors for the development of CVI in Italy. SN - 1078-5884 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16055355/Demographic_factors_and_their_relationship_with_the_presence_of_CVI_signs_in_Italy:_the_24_cities_cohort_study_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1078-5884(05)00388-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -