Structural and biochemical mechanisms for the specificity of hormone binding and coactivator assembly by mineralocorticoid receptor.Mol Cell. 2005 Aug 05; 19(3):367-80.MC
Mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) controls sodium homeostasis and blood pressure through hormone binding and coactivator recruitment. Here, we report a 1.95 A crystal structure of the MR ligand binding domain containing a single C808S mutation bound to corticosterone and the fourth LXXLL motif of steroid receptor coactivator-1 (SRC1-4). Through a combination of biochemical and structural analyses, we demonstrate that SRC1-4 is the most potent MR binding motif and mutations that disrupt the MR/SRC1-4 interactions abolish the ability of the full-length SRC1 to coactivate MR. The structure also reveals a compact steroid binding pocket with a unique topology that is primarily defined by key residues of helices 6 and 7. Mutations swapping a single residue at position 848 from helix H7 between MR and glucocorticoid receptor (GR) switch their hormone specificity. Together, these findings provide critical insights into the molecular basis of hormone binding and coactivator recognition by MR and related steroid receptors.