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Breast is best for babies.

Abstract

Breastfeeding is the optimal method of infant feeding. Breast milk provides almost all the necessary nutrients, growth factors and immunological components a healthy term infant needs, Other advantages of breastfeeding include reduction of incidences and severity of infections; prevention of allergies; possible enhancement of cognitive development; and prevention of obesity, hypertension and insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Health gains for breastfeeding mothers include lactation amenorrhea, early involution of the uterus, enhanced bonding between the mother and the infant, and reduction in incidence of ovarian and breast cancer. From the economic perspective, breastfeeding is less expensive than formula feeding. In most cases, maternal ingestion of medications and maternal infections are not contraindications to breastfeeding. Breastfeeding, however, is contraindicated in infants with galactosemia. The management of common breastfeeding issues, such as breast engorgement, sore nipples, mastitis and insufficient milk, is discussed. Breastfeeding should be initiated as soon after delivery as possible. To promote, protect and support breastfeeding, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) developed the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) 10 Steps to Successful Breastfeeding. Healthcare professionals have an important role to play in promoting and protecting breastfeeding.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Pediatrics, the Alberta Children's Hospital and the University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. aleung@ucalgary.ca

    Source

    MeSH

    Breast Feeding
    Female
    Health Promotion
    Health Status
    Humans
    Infant
    Infant, Newborn
    Lactation
    Milk, Human
    Nutritional Status
    Pregnancy

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    16080672

    Citation

    Leung, Alexander K C., and Reginald S. Sauve. "Breast Is Best for Babies." Journal of the National Medical Association, vol. 97, no. 7, 2005, pp. 1010-9.
    Leung AK, Sauve RS. Breast is best for babies. J Natl Med Assoc. 2005;97(7):1010-9.
    Leung, A. K., & Sauve, R. S. (2005). Breast is best for babies. Journal of the National Medical Association, 97(7), pp. 1010-9.
    Leung AK, Sauve RS. Breast Is Best for Babies. J Natl Med Assoc. 2005;97(7):1010-9. PubMed PMID: 16080672.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Breast is best for babies. AU - Leung,Alexander K C, AU - Sauve,Reginald S, PY - 2005/8/6/pubmed PY - 2005/10/19/medline PY - 2005/8/6/entrez SP - 1010 EP - 9 JF - Journal of the National Medical Association JO - J Natl Med Assoc VL - 97 IS - 7 N2 - Breastfeeding is the optimal method of infant feeding. Breast milk provides almost all the necessary nutrients, growth factors and immunological components a healthy term infant needs, Other advantages of breastfeeding include reduction of incidences and severity of infections; prevention of allergies; possible enhancement of cognitive development; and prevention of obesity, hypertension and insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Health gains for breastfeeding mothers include lactation amenorrhea, early involution of the uterus, enhanced bonding between the mother and the infant, and reduction in incidence of ovarian and breast cancer. From the economic perspective, breastfeeding is less expensive than formula feeding. In most cases, maternal ingestion of medications and maternal infections are not contraindications to breastfeeding. Breastfeeding, however, is contraindicated in infants with galactosemia. The management of common breastfeeding issues, such as breast engorgement, sore nipples, mastitis and insufficient milk, is discussed. Breastfeeding should be initiated as soon after delivery as possible. To promote, protect and support breastfeeding, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) developed the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) 10 Steps to Successful Breastfeeding. Healthcare professionals have an important role to play in promoting and protecting breastfeeding. SN - 0027-9684 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16080672/full_citation L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/16080672/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -