Effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal inoculation on uranium and arsenic accumulation by Chinese brake fern (Pteris vittata L.) from a uranium mining-impacted soil.Chemosphere. 2006 Mar; 62(9):1464-73.C
A glasshouse experiment was conducted to investigate U and As accumulation by Chinese brake fern, Pteris vittata L., in association with different arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) from a U and As contaminated soil. The soil used contains 111 mg U kg(-1) and 106 mg As kg(-1). P. vittata L. was inoculated with each of three AMF, Glomus mosseae, Glomus caledonium and Glomus intraradices. Two harvests were made during plant growth (two and three months after transplanting). Mycorrhizal colonization depressed plant growth particularly at the early stages. TF (transfer factor) values for As from soil to fronds were higher than 1.0, while those for roots were much lower. Despite the growth depressions, AM colonization had no effect on tissue As concentrations. Conversely, TF values for U were much higher for roots than for fronds, indicating that only very small fraction of U was translocated to fronds (less than 2%), regardless of mycorrhizal colonization. Mycorrhizal colonization significantly increased root U concentrations at both harvests. Root colonization with G. mosseae or G. intraradices led to an increase in TF values for U from 7 (non-inoculation control) to 14 at the first harvest. The highest U concentration of 1574 mg kg(-1) was recorded in roots colonized by G. mosseae at the second harvest. The results suggested that P. vittata in combination with appropriate AMF would play very important roles in bioremediation of contaminated environments characterized by a multi-pollution.