Mutation analysis of the small heat shock protein 27 gene in chinese patients with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease.Arch Neurol. 2005 Aug; 62(8):1201-7.AN
Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease, the most common hereditary peripheral neuropathy, is highly clinically and genetically heterogeneous, and mutations in at least 18 genes have been identified. Recently, mutations in small heat shock protein 27 (Hsp27) were reported to cause CMT disease type 2F and distal hereditary motor neuropathy.
To investigate the frequency and phenotypic features of an Hsp27 mutation in Chinese patients with CMT disease.
DNA samples from 114 unrelated patients with CMT disease were screened for mutations in Hsp27 by polymerase chain reaction and direct sequencing. A cosegregated study was performed using the MbiI restriction endonuclease, and 50 healthy control subjects were analyzed. Haplotype analysis was performed using 5 short tandem repeat markers to analyze whether the families with the same mutation probably had a common ancestor.
One missense mutation, C379T, was detected in 4 autosomal dominant families with CMT disease type 2, and haplotype analysis indicated that the 4 families probably had a common founder. The frequency of the Hsp27 mutation is 0.9% (1/111) in Chinese patients with CMT disease in our study, and the phenotypes were characterized by later onset (age, 35-60 years) and mild sensory impairments. Electrophysiological findings showed moderately to severely slowed nerve conduction velocities in lower limb nerves but normal or mildly reduced velocities in upper limb nerves.
To our knowledge, this is the first report of an Hsp27 mutation in the People's Republic of China. The C379T mutation in Hsp27 also causes CMT disease type 2, except for distal hereditary motor neuropathy, and the phenotypes are distinct from the family with CMT disease type 2F described previously. A mutation of Hsp27 may be uncommon in Chinese patients with CMT disease.