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Oral precancerous disorders associated with areca quid chewing, smoking, and alcohol drinking in southern Taiwan.
J Oral Pathol Med 2005; 34(8):460-6JO

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To investigate the prevalence and the associated risk factors of oral precancerous disorders in southern Taiwan.

METHODS

We conducted a cross-sectional community survey interviewing 1075 adult subjects, 15 years of age and over, gathered from randomly selected 591 households, and spanning five villages in southern Taiwan. The study protocol included a visual oral soft tissue examination and a questionnaire-based interview. The chi-square test was used to test the differences in prevalence of oral precancerous lesions and conditions by different "life styles" relating to current risk habits of current areca quid chewing, smoking, and alcohol drinking. To control for possible confounding, a logistic regression model was used to estimate the Odds Ratios (OR) for leukoplakia and oral submucous fibrosis (OSF).

RESULTS

136 precancerous lesions and conditions were detected among 1075 subjects (12.7%). The analysis of the spectrum of oral precancerous disorders detected, leukoplakia (n = 80), OSF (n = 17) and verrucous lesions (n = 9), demonstrated an association with gender (P < 0.001). There were statistically significant associations among leukoplakia (P < 0.01), OSF (P < 0.0001), and verrucous lesions (P < 0.0001) and the life style of current areca quid chewing, smoking, and alcohol drinking. The synergistic effect of smoking and areca quid chewing habit on leukoplakia and OSF was demonstrated.

CONCLUSION

This study reinforces the association of current areca quid chewing without tobacco, cigarette smoking, and alcohol drinking to leukoplakia, OSF, and verrucous lesions in Taiwan.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Graduate Institutes of Dental Sciences, Oral Health Sciences and Oral Health Research Center, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16091112

Citation

Chung, Ching-Hung, et al. "Oral Precancerous Disorders Associated With Areca Quid Chewing, Smoking, and Alcohol Drinking in Southern Taiwan." Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine : Official Publication of the International Association of Oral Pathologists and the American Academy of Oral Pathology, vol. 34, no. 8, 2005, pp. 460-6.
Chung CH, Yang YH, Wang TY, et al. Oral precancerous disorders associated with areca quid chewing, smoking, and alcohol drinking in southern Taiwan. J Oral Pathol Med. 2005;34(8):460-6.
Chung, C. H., Yang, Y. H., Wang, T. Y., Shieh, T. Y., & Warnakulasuriya, S. (2005). Oral precancerous disorders associated with areca quid chewing, smoking, and alcohol drinking in southern Taiwan. Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine : Official Publication of the International Association of Oral Pathologists and the American Academy of Oral Pathology, 34(8), pp. 460-6.
Chung CH, et al. Oral Precancerous Disorders Associated With Areca Quid Chewing, Smoking, and Alcohol Drinking in Southern Taiwan. J Oral Pathol Med. 2005;34(8):460-6. PubMed PMID: 16091112.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Oral precancerous disorders associated with areca quid chewing, smoking, and alcohol drinking in southern Taiwan. AU - Chung,Ching-Hung, AU - Yang,Yi-Hsin, AU - Wang,Tung-Yiu, AU - Shieh,Tien-Yu, AU - Warnakulasuriya,Saman, PY - 2005/8/11/pubmed PY - 2005/9/13/medline PY - 2005/8/11/entrez SP - 460 EP - 6 JF - Journal of oral pathology & medicine : official publication of the International Association of Oral Pathologists and the American Academy of Oral Pathology JO - J. Oral Pathol. Med. VL - 34 IS - 8 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and the associated risk factors of oral precancerous disorders in southern Taiwan. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional community survey interviewing 1075 adult subjects, 15 years of age and over, gathered from randomly selected 591 households, and spanning five villages in southern Taiwan. The study protocol included a visual oral soft tissue examination and a questionnaire-based interview. The chi-square test was used to test the differences in prevalence of oral precancerous lesions and conditions by different "life styles" relating to current risk habits of current areca quid chewing, smoking, and alcohol drinking. To control for possible confounding, a logistic regression model was used to estimate the Odds Ratios (OR) for leukoplakia and oral submucous fibrosis (OSF). RESULTS: 136 precancerous lesions and conditions were detected among 1075 subjects (12.7%). The analysis of the spectrum of oral precancerous disorders detected, leukoplakia (n = 80), OSF (n = 17) and verrucous lesions (n = 9), demonstrated an association with gender (P < 0.001). There were statistically significant associations among leukoplakia (P < 0.01), OSF (P < 0.0001), and verrucous lesions (P < 0.0001) and the life style of current areca quid chewing, smoking, and alcohol drinking. The synergistic effect of smoking and areca quid chewing habit on leukoplakia and OSF was demonstrated. CONCLUSION: This study reinforces the association of current areca quid chewing without tobacco, cigarette smoking, and alcohol drinking to leukoplakia, OSF, and verrucous lesions in Taiwan. SN - 0904-2512 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16091112/Oral_precancerous_disorders_associated_with_areca_quid_chewing_smoking_and_alcohol_drinking_in_southern_Taiwan_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0714.2005.00332.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -