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Effect of dietary monounsaturated fatty acids on plasma lipoproteins and apolipoproteins in women.
Am J Clin Nutr. 1992 Jul; 56(1):77-83.AJ

Abstract

To determine the effects of dietary fat saturation on plasma lipoproteins, we studied 21 free-living normolipidemic women (13 pre- and 8 postmenopausal) on three consecutive diet periods. During the first 4 wk they consumed a saturated diet rich in palm oil and butter [19% saturated fatty acids (S), 14% monounsaturated fatty acids (M), and 3.5% polyunsaturated fatty acids (P)], followed by 6 wk of a monounsaturated diet rich in olive oil (11% S, 22% M, and 3.6% P), and 6 wk of a polyunsaturated diet rich in sunflower oil (10.7% S, 12.5% M, and 12.8% P). Compared with the diet rich in saturated fatty acids, both diets rich in unsaturated fatty acids had similar lowering effects on total and low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol and apolipoprotein A-I were higher in the monounsaturated-rich period than in the polyunsaturated-rich (10.5% and 12.7% respectively, P less than 0.001) and the saturated-rich period (5.3%, and 7.9%, respectively, P less than 0.05). These effects were independent of menopause status. Our data show that at this level of fat intake (36% as calories), a monounsaturated-rich diet results in a less atherogenic lipid profile than either polyunsaturated- or saturated-rich diets.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Internal Medicine, Fundacion Jimenez Diaz, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Spain.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

1609766

Citation

Mata, P, et al. "Effect of Dietary Monounsaturated Fatty Acids On Plasma Lipoproteins and Apolipoproteins in Women." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 56, no. 1, 1992, pp. 77-83.
Mata P, Garrido JA, Ordovas JM, et al. Effect of dietary monounsaturated fatty acids on plasma lipoproteins and apolipoproteins in women. Am J Clin Nutr. 1992;56(1):77-83.
Mata, P., Garrido, J. A., Ordovas, J. M., Blazquez, E., Alvarez-Sala, L. A., Rubio, M. J., Alonso, R., & de Oya, M. (1992). Effect of dietary monounsaturated fatty acids on plasma lipoproteins and apolipoproteins in women. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 56(1), 77-83.
Mata P, et al. Effect of Dietary Monounsaturated Fatty Acids On Plasma Lipoproteins and Apolipoproteins in Women. Am J Clin Nutr. 1992;56(1):77-83. PubMed PMID: 1609766.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of dietary monounsaturated fatty acids on plasma lipoproteins and apolipoproteins in women. AU - Mata,P, AU - Garrido,J A, AU - Ordovas,J M, AU - Blazquez,E, AU - Alvarez-Sala,L A, AU - Rubio,M J, AU - Alonso,R, AU - de Oya,M, PY - 1992/7/1/pubmed PY - 1992/7/1/medline PY - 1992/7/1/entrez SP - 77 EP - 83 JF - The American journal of clinical nutrition JO - Am. J. Clin. Nutr. VL - 56 IS - 1 N2 - To determine the effects of dietary fat saturation on plasma lipoproteins, we studied 21 free-living normolipidemic women (13 pre- and 8 postmenopausal) on three consecutive diet periods. During the first 4 wk they consumed a saturated diet rich in palm oil and butter [19% saturated fatty acids (S), 14% monounsaturated fatty acids (M), and 3.5% polyunsaturated fatty acids (P)], followed by 6 wk of a monounsaturated diet rich in olive oil (11% S, 22% M, and 3.6% P), and 6 wk of a polyunsaturated diet rich in sunflower oil (10.7% S, 12.5% M, and 12.8% P). Compared with the diet rich in saturated fatty acids, both diets rich in unsaturated fatty acids had similar lowering effects on total and low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol and apolipoprotein A-I were higher in the monounsaturated-rich period than in the polyunsaturated-rich (10.5% and 12.7% respectively, P less than 0.001) and the saturated-rich period (5.3%, and 7.9%, respectively, P less than 0.05). These effects were independent of menopause status. Our data show that at this level of fat intake (36% as calories), a monounsaturated-rich diet results in a less atherogenic lipid profile than either polyunsaturated- or saturated-rich diets. SN - 0002-9165 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/1609766/Effect_of_dietary_monounsaturated_fatty_acids_on_plasma_lipoproteins_and_apolipoproteins_in_women_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/ajcn/56.1.77 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -