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Childhood friends who smoke: do they influence adolescents to make smoking transitions?
Addict Behav. 2006 May; 31(5):889-900.AB

Abstract

This study investigated longitudinally the extent to which childhood friends who smoke influence adolescents' smoking transitions, and compared that influence with that of parents who smoke. In a sample of 4744 children, results showed that the probability, per close friend, that a smoking close friend influenced the adolescent to make the first transition to trying smoking was 38% (95% CI: 28%, 46%); to make the second transition from trying to monthly smoking, 10% (95% CI: 5%, 15%); and to make the third transition from monthly to daily smoking, 11% (95% CI: 5%, 17%). Compared to parents' smoking, close friends' smoking was 12% (p=0.03) more influential for the first transition, no different for the second transition (p=0.53), and 16% (p=0.01) less influential for the third transition. Results provide new evidence suggesting that childhood close friends who smoke influence not only initiation but also escalation of adolescents' smoking. Results also confirmed the important role of parents' smoking. Targeting both childhood close friends' and parents' smoking would be valuable in prevention research.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Cancer Prevention Research Program, Division of Public Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington, USA. jbrickner@fhcrc.orgNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16099595

Citation

Bricker, Jonathan B., et al. "Childhood Friends Who Smoke: Do They Influence Adolescents to Make Smoking Transitions?" Addictive Behaviors, vol. 31, no. 5, 2006, pp. 889-900.
Bricker JB, Peterson AV, Andersen MR, et al. Childhood friends who smoke: do they influence adolescents to make smoking transitions? Addict Behav. 2006;31(5):889-900.
Bricker, J. B., Peterson, A. V., Andersen, M. R., Rajan, K. B., Leroux, B. G., & Sarason, I. G. (2006). Childhood friends who smoke: do they influence adolescents to make smoking transitions? Addictive Behaviors, 31(5), 889-900.
Bricker JB, et al. Childhood Friends Who Smoke: Do They Influence Adolescents to Make Smoking Transitions. Addict Behav. 2006;31(5):889-900. PubMed PMID: 16099595.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Childhood friends who smoke: do they influence adolescents to make smoking transitions? AU - Bricker,Jonathan B, AU - Peterson,Arthur V,Jr AU - Andersen,M Robyn, AU - Rajan,K Bharat, AU - Leroux,Brian G, AU - Sarason,Irwin G, Y1 - 2005/08/15/ PY - 2005/06/08/received PY - 2005/07/12/revised PY - 2005/07/12/accepted PY - 2005/8/16/pubmed PY - 2007/1/5/medline PY - 2005/8/16/entrez SP - 889 EP - 900 JF - Addictive behaviors JO - Addict Behav VL - 31 IS - 5 N2 - This study investigated longitudinally the extent to which childhood friends who smoke influence adolescents' smoking transitions, and compared that influence with that of parents who smoke. In a sample of 4744 children, results showed that the probability, per close friend, that a smoking close friend influenced the adolescent to make the first transition to trying smoking was 38% (95% CI: 28%, 46%); to make the second transition from trying to monthly smoking, 10% (95% CI: 5%, 15%); and to make the third transition from monthly to daily smoking, 11% (95% CI: 5%, 17%). Compared to parents' smoking, close friends' smoking was 12% (p=0.03) more influential for the first transition, no different for the second transition (p=0.53), and 16% (p=0.01) less influential for the third transition. Results provide new evidence suggesting that childhood close friends who smoke influence not only initiation but also escalation of adolescents' smoking. Results also confirmed the important role of parents' smoking. Targeting both childhood close friends' and parents' smoking would be valuable in prevention research. SN - 0306-4603 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16099595/Childhood_friends_who_smoke:_do_they_influence_adolescents_to_make_smoking_transitions L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0306-4603(05)00191-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -