Efficacy and safety of tigecycline monotherapy compared with vancomycin plus aztreonam in patients with complicated skin and skin structure infections: Results from a phase 3, randomized, double-blind trial.Int J Infect Dis. 2005 Sep; 9(5):251-61.IJ
To compare the effect of tigecycline monotherapy, a first-in-class, expanded broad spectrum glycylcycline, with the combination of vancomycin and aztreonam (V + A) in the treatment of complicated skin and skin structure infections (cSSSI).
A phase 3, double-blind study conducted in 8 countries enrolled adults with cSSSI who required intravenous (IV) antibiotic therapy for > or =5 days. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive either tigecycline or V + A for up to 14 days. Primary endpoint was the clinical cure rate at the test-of-cure visit. Secondary endpoints included microbiologic efficacy and in vitro susceptibility to tigecycline of bacteria that cause cSSSI. Safety was assessed by physical examination, laboratory analyses, and adverse event reporting.
A total of 596 patients were screened for enrollment, 573 were analyzed for safety, 537 were included in the clinical modified intent-to-treat (c-mITT) population, 397 were clinically evaluable (CE), and 228 were microbiologically evaluable (ME). At test-of-cure, cure rates were similar between tigecycline and V + A groups in the CE population (82.9% versus 82.3%, respectively) and in the c-mITT population (75.5% versus 76.9%, respectively). Microbiologic eradication rates (subject level) at test-of-cure in the ME population were also similar between tigecycline and V + A. Frequency of adverse events was similar between groups, although patients receiving tigecycline had higher incidence of nausea, vomiting, dyspepsia, and anorexia, while increased ALT/SGPT, pruritus, and rash occurred significantly more often in V + A-treated patients.
This study demonstrates that the efficacy of tigecycline monotherapy for the treatment of patients with cSSSI is statistically noninferior to the combination of V + A.