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The prevalence, severity and seasonal variations of asthma, rhinitis and eczema in Taiwanese schoolchildren.
Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2005 Aug; 16(5):408-15.PA

Abstract

The prevalence of asthma is increasing in Taiwan but data remain limited. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, severity, demographic and seasonal variations of asthma, rhinitis, and eczema in Taiwan. Using a one-stage stratified cluster random sampling, first grade (aged 6-8) and eighth grade (aged 13-15) students from Taoyuan, northern Taiwan, were invited to participate in this survey. The results showed a total of 6190 students, 3079 aged 6-8 and 3111 aged 13-15, completed this survey. In general, children aged 6-8 had significantly higher prevalence rates of diagnosed asthma, rhinitis, and eczema than children aged 13-15 (12.2%, 29.8%, and 10.2% vs. 9.6%, 18.3%, and 4.7%, respectively). Similarly, children aged 6-8 had significantly higher proportions of allergic symptoms, except for exercise-induced wheezing (5.8% vs. 17.8%, p < 0.0001). Among those with allergic disorders, children aged 6-8 presented a greater severity of wheezing attacks in the last 12 months. As regards gender, boys aged 6-8 had a significantly higher proportion of asthma or rhinitis symptoms than girls aged 6-8 but not in children aged 13-15. In children aged 6-8, asthma and rhinitis peaked in winter, especially in December. However, children aged 13-15 had two peaks (winter and summer) for asthma or rhinitis.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Allergy, Asthma, and Rheumatology, Department of Pediatrics, Chang Gung Children's Hospital and Chang Gung University, 259 Wen-Hwa First Road, Kweishan, Taoyuan, Taiwan.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16101933

Citation

Kao, Chun-Chieh, et al. "The Prevalence, Severity and Seasonal Variations of Asthma, Rhinitis and Eczema in Taiwanese Schoolchildren." Pediatric Allergy and Immunology : Official Publication of the European Society of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, vol. 16, no. 5, 2005, pp. 408-15.
Kao CC, Huang JL, Ou LS, et al. The prevalence, severity and seasonal variations of asthma, rhinitis and eczema in Taiwanese schoolchildren. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2005;16(5):408-15.
Kao, C. C., Huang, J. L., Ou, L. S., & See, L. C. (2005). The prevalence, severity and seasonal variations of asthma, rhinitis and eczema in Taiwanese schoolchildren. Pediatric Allergy and Immunology : Official Publication of the European Society of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, 16(5), 408-15.
Kao CC, et al. The Prevalence, Severity and Seasonal Variations of Asthma, Rhinitis and Eczema in Taiwanese Schoolchildren. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2005;16(5):408-15. PubMed PMID: 16101933.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The prevalence, severity and seasonal variations of asthma, rhinitis and eczema in Taiwanese schoolchildren. AU - Kao,Chun-Chieh, AU - Huang,Jing-Long, AU - Ou,Liang-Shiou, AU - See,Lai-Chu, PY - 2005/8/17/pubmed PY - 2005/12/15/medline PY - 2005/8/17/entrez SP - 408 EP - 15 JF - Pediatric allergy and immunology : official publication of the European Society of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology JO - Pediatr Allergy Immunol VL - 16 IS - 5 N2 - The prevalence of asthma is increasing in Taiwan but data remain limited. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, severity, demographic and seasonal variations of asthma, rhinitis, and eczema in Taiwan. Using a one-stage stratified cluster random sampling, first grade (aged 6-8) and eighth grade (aged 13-15) students from Taoyuan, northern Taiwan, were invited to participate in this survey. The results showed a total of 6190 students, 3079 aged 6-8 and 3111 aged 13-15, completed this survey. In general, children aged 6-8 had significantly higher prevalence rates of diagnosed asthma, rhinitis, and eczema than children aged 13-15 (12.2%, 29.8%, and 10.2% vs. 9.6%, 18.3%, and 4.7%, respectively). Similarly, children aged 6-8 had significantly higher proportions of allergic symptoms, except for exercise-induced wheezing (5.8% vs. 17.8%, p < 0.0001). Among those with allergic disorders, children aged 6-8 presented a greater severity of wheezing attacks in the last 12 months. As regards gender, boys aged 6-8 had a significantly higher proportion of asthma or rhinitis symptoms than girls aged 6-8 but not in children aged 13-15. In children aged 6-8, asthma and rhinitis peaked in winter, especially in December. However, children aged 13-15 had two peaks (winter and summer) for asthma or rhinitis. SN - 0905-6157 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16101933/The_prevalence_severity_and_seasonal_variations_of_asthma_rhinitis_and_eczema_in_Taiwanese_schoolchildren_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3038.2005.00268.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -