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UV light tanning as a type of substance-related disorder.
Arch Dermatol 2005; 141(8):963-6AD

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To better understand the complex motivations involved with UV light (UVL) tanning behavior.

DESIGN

Two written instruments, the CAGE (Cut down, Annoyed, Guilty, Eye-opener) Questionnaire, used to screen for alcohol abuse or dependence, and the American Psychiatric Association Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) criteria for substance-related disorders, were modified to evaluate subjects for a substance-related disorder involving UVL tanning.

SETTING

Galveston Island beach. Subjects A total of 145 beach-goers.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

Positive findings from the 2 evaluation instruments.

RESULTS

Of the 145 subjects, 38 (26%) met the modified CAGE criteria, and 77 (53%) met the modified DSM-IV-TR diagnostic criteria for a substance-related disorder with regard to UVL and related sun tanning. The results from both instruments were significantly associated (P = .03).

CONCLUSIONS

Individuals who chronically and repetitively expose themselves to UVL to tan may have a novel type of UVL substance-related disorder.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Dermatology, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston 77555-0783, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comment
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16103324

Citation

Warthan, Molly M., et al. "UV Light Tanning as a Type of Substance-related Disorder." Archives of Dermatology, vol. 141, no. 8, 2005, pp. 963-6.
Warthan MM, Uchida T, Wagner RF. UV light tanning as a type of substance-related disorder. Arch Dermatol. 2005;141(8):963-6.
Warthan, M. M., Uchida, T., & Wagner, R. F. (2005). UV light tanning as a type of substance-related disorder. Archives of Dermatology, 141(8), pp. 963-6.
Warthan MM, Uchida T, Wagner RF. UV Light Tanning as a Type of Substance-related Disorder. Arch Dermatol. 2005;141(8):963-6. PubMed PMID: 16103324.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - UV light tanning as a type of substance-related disorder. AU - Warthan,Molly M, AU - Uchida,Tatsuo, AU - Wagner,Richard F,Jr PY - 2005/8/17/pubmed PY - 2005/9/7/medline PY - 2005/8/17/entrez SP - 963 EP - 6 JF - Archives of dermatology JO - Arch Dermatol VL - 141 IS - 8 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To better understand the complex motivations involved with UV light (UVL) tanning behavior. DESIGN: Two written instruments, the CAGE (Cut down, Annoyed, Guilty, Eye-opener) Questionnaire, used to screen for alcohol abuse or dependence, and the American Psychiatric Association Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) criteria for substance-related disorders, were modified to evaluate subjects for a substance-related disorder involving UVL tanning. SETTING: Galveston Island beach. Subjects A total of 145 beach-goers. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Positive findings from the 2 evaluation instruments. RESULTS: Of the 145 subjects, 38 (26%) met the modified CAGE criteria, and 77 (53%) met the modified DSM-IV-TR diagnostic criteria for a substance-related disorder with regard to UVL and related sun tanning. The results from both instruments were significantly associated (P = .03). CONCLUSIONS: Individuals who chronically and repetitively expose themselves to UVL to tan may have a novel type of UVL substance-related disorder. SN - 0003-987X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16103324/UV_light_tanning_as_a_type_of_substance_related_disorder_ L2 - https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamadermatology/fullarticle/10.1001/archderm.141.8.963 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -