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Lung cancer risks in relation to vegetable and fruit consumption and smoking.
Int J Cancer. 2006 Feb 01; 118(3):739-43.IJ

Abstract

In a case-control study on lung cancer, risk was analysed in relation to smoking habits and frequency of vegetable and fruit consumption. Lung cancer cases in West Sweden and population controls were interviewed using a questionnaire where the frequency of consumption of dietary items and smoking habits were assessed. The material presented comprises 177 female and 359 male confirmed cases of lung cancer and 916 population controls. There was a dose-response relationship in regard to the number of cigarettes smoked and the number of years smoked, the latter factor being more important. After adjustment for number of cigarettes smoked/day and number of years smoked, the risk for those who seldom consumed vegetables was about twice of that among those who consumed vegetables frequently, both among nonsmokers, smokers and former smokers. This risk increase in relation to vegetable consumption also was present for different smoking categories. A similar tendency, although less pronounced, was found for fruit consumption. The results demonstrate that dietary factors are related to the risk for lung cancer, although smoking is the dominant risk factor.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Environmental Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden. envhealth@biofact.seNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16108070

Citation

Rylander, Ragnar, and Gösta Axelsson. "Lung Cancer Risks in Relation to Vegetable and Fruit Consumption and Smoking." International Journal of Cancer, vol. 118, no. 3, 2006, pp. 739-43.
Rylander R, Axelsson G. Lung cancer risks in relation to vegetable and fruit consumption and smoking. Int J Cancer. 2006;118(3):739-43.
Rylander, R., & Axelsson, G. (2006). Lung cancer risks in relation to vegetable and fruit consumption and smoking. International Journal of Cancer, 118(3), 739-43.
Rylander R, Axelsson G. Lung Cancer Risks in Relation to Vegetable and Fruit Consumption and Smoking. Int J Cancer. 2006 Feb 1;118(3):739-43. PubMed PMID: 16108070.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Lung cancer risks in relation to vegetable and fruit consumption and smoking. AU - Rylander,Ragnar, AU - Axelsson,Gösta, PY - 2005/8/19/pubmed PY - 2006/2/8/medline PY - 2005/8/19/entrez SP - 739 EP - 43 JF - International journal of cancer JO - Int. J. Cancer VL - 118 IS - 3 N2 - In a case-control study on lung cancer, risk was analysed in relation to smoking habits and frequency of vegetable and fruit consumption. Lung cancer cases in West Sweden and population controls were interviewed using a questionnaire where the frequency of consumption of dietary items and smoking habits were assessed. The material presented comprises 177 female and 359 male confirmed cases of lung cancer and 916 population controls. There was a dose-response relationship in regard to the number of cigarettes smoked and the number of years smoked, the latter factor being more important. After adjustment for number of cigarettes smoked/day and number of years smoked, the risk for those who seldom consumed vegetables was about twice of that among those who consumed vegetables frequently, both among nonsmokers, smokers and former smokers. This risk increase in relation to vegetable consumption also was present for different smoking categories. A similar tendency, although less pronounced, was found for fruit consumption. The results demonstrate that dietary factors are related to the risk for lung cancer, although smoking is the dominant risk factor. SN - 0020-7136 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16108070/Lung_cancer_risks_in_relation_to_vegetable_and_fruit_consumption_and_smoking_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/ijc.21384 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -