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Soft tissue facial profile changes following functional appliance therapy.
Eur J Orthod. 2006 Feb; 28(1):35-41.EJ

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in the facial profile resulting from the use of a twin block (TB) functional appliance. The sample comprised 38 patients (24 males and 14 females) with a Class II division 1 malocclusion. Nineteen subjects were treated with a functional appliance while the remaining 19, who did not undergo any intervention, served as the control. The mean age of the treated group was 9.5 years (SD 10 months) and of the control group 9.9 years (SD 13 months). Lateral cephalograms were obtained for all subjects at the initial consultation and again after one year. The changes in facial profile, resulting from treatment with the TB, were analysed after the influence of growth had been taken into account. The results showed a significant improvement in the facial profile, which closely followed the underlying dentoskeletal changes. Thus, the most significant effects were a total facial profile improvement, retraction of the upper lip and anterior movement of soft tissue pogonion (P < 0.05). Subjects treated with a TB appliance achieved improved facial harmony, but such changes were not observed in the control group.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Orthodontics, University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. cquintao@artnet.com.brNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Controlled Clinical Trial
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16113035

Citation

Quintão, Cátia, et al. "Soft Tissue Facial Profile Changes Following Functional Appliance Therapy." European Journal of Orthodontics, vol. 28, no. 1, 2006, pp. 35-41.
Quintão C, Helena I, Brunharo VP, et al. Soft tissue facial profile changes following functional appliance therapy. Eur J Orthod. 2006;28(1):35-41.
Quintão, C., Helena, I., Brunharo, V. P., Menezes, R. C., & Almeida, M. A. (2006). Soft tissue facial profile changes following functional appliance therapy. European Journal of Orthodontics, 28(1), 35-41.
Quintão C, et al. Soft Tissue Facial Profile Changes Following Functional Appliance Therapy. Eur J Orthod. 2006;28(1):35-41. PubMed PMID: 16113035.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Soft tissue facial profile changes following functional appliance therapy. AU - Quintão,Cátia, AU - Helena,Ione, AU - Brunharo,V P, AU - Menezes,Robsmar C, AU - Almeida,Marco A O, Y1 - 2005/08/19/ PY - 2005/8/23/pubmed PY - 2006/4/18/medline PY - 2005/8/23/entrez SP - 35 EP - 41 JF - European journal of orthodontics JO - Eur J Orthod VL - 28 IS - 1 N2 - The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in the facial profile resulting from the use of a twin block (TB) functional appliance. The sample comprised 38 patients (24 males and 14 females) with a Class II division 1 malocclusion. Nineteen subjects were treated with a functional appliance while the remaining 19, who did not undergo any intervention, served as the control. The mean age of the treated group was 9.5 years (SD 10 months) and of the control group 9.9 years (SD 13 months). Lateral cephalograms were obtained for all subjects at the initial consultation and again after one year. The changes in facial profile, resulting from treatment with the TB, were analysed after the influence of growth had been taken into account. The results showed a significant improvement in the facial profile, which closely followed the underlying dentoskeletal changes. Thus, the most significant effects were a total facial profile improvement, retraction of the upper lip and anterior movement of soft tissue pogonion (P < 0.05). Subjects treated with a TB appliance achieved improved facial harmony, but such changes were not observed in the control group. SN - 0141-5387 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16113035/Soft_tissue_facial_profile_changes_following_functional_appliance_therapy_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ejo/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/ejo/cji067 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -