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Milk intake is inversely related to obesity in men and in young women: data from the Portuguese Health Interview Survey 1998-1999.
Int J Obes (Lond). 2006 Jan; 30(1):88-93.IJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To assess the relationships between milk intake and body mass index (BMI) in a representative sample of the mainland Portuguese population.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional study.

SETTING

National Health Interview Survey 1998-1999. Average daily milk intake was calculated by a frequency questionnaire that also assessed the average volume of one serving. BMI was derived from the subject's reported height and weight.

SUBJECTS

A total of 17,771 men and 19 742 women aged > or =18 y.

RESULTS

In men, milk intake was inversely related to BMI (r = -0.10, P < 0.001), whereas the relationship in women was weaker (r = -0.06, P < 0.001). In men, prevalence of milk consumers was lower in obese (62%) and in overweight (68%) than in normal weight subjects (71%, P < 0.001). After adjusting for age, region, physical activity, smoking, number of meals and educational level, milk intake decreased with increasing BMI (adjusted mean +/- s.e.: 280 +/- 5, 266 +/- 5 and 246 +/- 7 ml/day for normal, overweight and obese subjects, respectively, P < 0.001), even after excluding subjects who did not consume milk (368 +/- 5, 353 +/- 6 and 346 +/- 8 ml/day, P < 0.02). In women, prevalence of milk consumers was lower in obese (71%) and in overweight (72%) than in normal weight subjects (76%, P < 0.001). In women younger than 55 y, milk intake decreased with increased BMI categories (291 +/- 9, 271 +/- 10 and 269 +/- 11 ml/day for normal, overweight and obese subjects, respectively, P < 0.001), whereas no relationship was found in the older group.

CONCLUSIONS

Increased calcium intake is slightly but significantly negatively related with BMI in men and premenopausal women. The lack of relationship in older women might be due to the hormonal status, but awaits further investigation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centro de Nutrição e Metabolismo, Instituto de Medicina Molecular, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal. mvidal@fm.ul.ptNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16116492

Citation

Marques-Vidal, P, et al. "Milk Intake Is Inversely Related to Obesity in Men and in Young Women: Data From the Portuguese Health Interview Survey 1998-1999." International Journal of Obesity (2005), vol. 30, no. 1, 2006, pp. 88-93.
Marques-Vidal P, Gonçalves A, Dias CM. Milk intake is inversely related to obesity in men and in young women: data from the Portuguese Health Interview Survey 1998-1999. Int J Obes (Lond). 2006;30(1):88-93.
Marques-Vidal, P., Gonçalves, A., & Dias, C. M. (2006). Milk intake is inversely related to obesity in men and in young women: data from the Portuguese Health Interview Survey 1998-1999. International Journal of Obesity (2005), 30(1), 88-93.
Marques-Vidal P, Gonçalves A, Dias CM. Milk Intake Is Inversely Related to Obesity in Men and in Young Women: Data From the Portuguese Health Interview Survey 1998-1999. Int J Obes (Lond). 2006;30(1):88-93. PubMed PMID: 16116492.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Milk intake is inversely related to obesity in men and in young women: data from the Portuguese Health Interview Survey 1998-1999. AU - Marques-Vidal,P, AU - Gonçalves,A, AU - Dias,C M, PY - 2005/8/24/pubmed PY - 2006/7/21/medline PY - 2005/8/24/entrez SP - 88 EP - 93 JF - International journal of obesity (2005) JO - Int J Obes (Lond) VL - 30 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationships between milk intake and body mass index (BMI) in a representative sample of the mainland Portuguese population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: National Health Interview Survey 1998-1999. Average daily milk intake was calculated by a frequency questionnaire that also assessed the average volume of one serving. BMI was derived from the subject's reported height and weight. SUBJECTS: A total of 17,771 men and 19 742 women aged > or =18 y. RESULTS: In men, milk intake was inversely related to BMI (r = -0.10, P < 0.001), whereas the relationship in women was weaker (r = -0.06, P < 0.001). In men, prevalence of milk consumers was lower in obese (62%) and in overweight (68%) than in normal weight subjects (71%, P < 0.001). After adjusting for age, region, physical activity, smoking, number of meals and educational level, milk intake decreased with increasing BMI (adjusted mean +/- s.e.: 280 +/- 5, 266 +/- 5 and 246 +/- 7 ml/day for normal, overweight and obese subjects, respectively, P < 0.001), even after excluding subjects who did not consume milk (368 +/- 5, 353 +/- 6 and 346 +/- 8 ml/day, P < 0.02). In women, prevalence of milk consumers was lower in obese (71%) and in overweight (72%) than in normal weight subjects (76%, P < 0.001). In women younger than 55 y, milk intake decreased with increased BMI categories (291 +/- 9, 271 +/- 10 and 269 +/- 11 ml/day for normal, overweight and obese subjects, respectively, P < 0.001), whereas no relationship was found in the older group. CONCLUSIONS: Increased calcium intake is slightly but significantly negatively related with BMI in men and premenopausal women. The lack of relationship in older women might be due to the hormonal status, but awaits further investigation. SN - 0307-0565 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16116492/Milk_intake_is_inversely_related_to_obesity_in_men_and_in_young_women:_data_from_the_Portuguese_Health_Interview_Survey_1998_1999_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijo.0803045 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -