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Lipoprotein profile and prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in urban Moroccan women.
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2005 Dec; 59(12):1379-86.EJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The study aimed to characterize the lipid and apolipoprotein profile and the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in a population of urban adult women of Morocco.

DESIGN

A total of 213 women 25-55 y old were sampled from an agricultural province of Morocco: El Jadida. The following parameters of lipid and apolipoprotein profile were measured: plasma triglycerides (TG), plasma cholesterol (TC), triglyceride-rich lipoprotein triglycerides (TRL-TG), TRL-cholesterol (TRL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and apolipoproteins A1, B, B48, CIII and E. Waist circumference (WC), body mass index (BMI) and blood pressure (BP) were also determined.

RESULTS

The women studied showed the following pattern: elevated TC, LDL-C levels and TC/HDL-C in 10, 19.4 and in 43.8%, respectively; low HDL-C levels in 45.3% (<0.9 mmol/l) or in 95% (when the cutoff <1.3 mmol/l is used), elevated TG levels in 11.8%. Elevated TRL-C (>0.6 mmol/l) and TRL-TG (>0.8 mmol/l) were observed in 13.4%. Obesity and hypertension were highly prevalent in 23.9 and 16.5%, respectively. Plasma triglyceride concentrations were closely correlated with plasma concentrations of TRL-TG (R = 0.86, P = 0.0001), apoB (R = 0.50, P = 0.0001) and apoCIII (R = 0.52, P = 0.0001) and moderately correlated with HDL-C levels (R = -0.3, P = 0.0001) and BMI (R = 0.4, P = 0.0001). The association between BMI and systolic blood pressure was statistically significant (R = 0.3, P = 0.0001). Obesity, BP, TRL-C, TRL-TG, TG, apoB and apoCIII increased with age.

CONCLUSION

There is a high prevalence of some risk factors for cardiovascular disease including altered lipid and lipoprotein profiles in the Moroccan urban women studied, some of these risk factors are associated with age.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Laboratoire de Physiologie Appliquée à la Nutrition et à l'Alimentation, Faculté des sciences d'El jadida, Maroc.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16118656

Citation

El ayachi, M, et al. "Lipoprotein Profile and Prevalence of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Urban Moroccan Women." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 59, no. 12, 2005, pp. 1379-86.
El ayachi M, Mziwira M, Vincent S, et al. Lipoprotein profile and prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in urban Moroccan women. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2005;59(12):1379-86.
El ayachi, M., Mziwira, M., Vincent, S., Defoort, C., Portugal, H., Lairon, D., & Belahsen, R. (2005). Lipoprotein profile and prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in urban Moroccan women. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 59(12), 1379-86.
El ayachi M, et al. Lipoprotein Profile and Prevalence of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Urban Moroccan Women. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2005;59(12):1379-86. PubMed PMID: 16118656.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Lipoprotein profile and prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in urban Moroccan women. AU - El ayachi,M, AU - Mziwira,M, AU - Vincent,S, AU - Defoort,C, AU - Portugal,H, AU - Lairon,D, AU - Belahsen,R, PY - 2005/8/25/pubmed PY - 2006/2/8/medline PY - 2005/8/25/entrez SP - 1379 EP - 86 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 59 IS - 12 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to characterize the lipid and apolipoprotein profile and the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in a population of urban adult women of Morocco. DESIGN: A total of 213 women 25-55 y old were sampled from an agricultural province of Morocco: El Jadida. The following parameters of lipid and apolipoprotein profile were measured: plasma triglycerides (TG), plasma cholesterol (TC), triglyceride-rich lipoprotein triglycerides (TRL-TG), TRL-cholesterol (TRL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and apolipoproteins A1, B, B48, CIII and E. Waist circumference (WC), body mass index (BMI) and blood pressure (BP) were also determined. RESULTS: The women studied showed the following pattern: elevated TC, LDL-C levels and TC/HDL-C in 10, 19.4 and in 43.8%, respectively; low HDL-C levels in 45.3% (<0.9 mmol/l) or in 95% (when the cutoff <1.3 mmol/l is used), elevated TG levels in 11.8%. Elevated TRL-C (>0.6 mmol/l) and TRL-TG (>0.8 mmol/l) were observed in 13.4%. Obesity and hypertension were highly prevalent in 23.9 and 16.5%, respectively. Plasma triglyceride concentrations were closely correlated with plasma concentrations of TRL-TG (R = 0.86, P = 0.0001), apoB (R = 0.50, P = 0.0001) and apoCIII (R = 0.52, P = 0.0001) and moderately correlated with HDL-C levels (R = -0.3, P = 0.0001) and BMI (R = 0.4, P = 0.0001). The association between BMI and systolic blood pressure was statistically significant (R = 0.3, P = 0.0001). Obesity, BP, TRL-C, TRL-TG, TG, apoB and apoCIII increased with age. CONCLUSION: There is a high prevalence of some risk factors for cardiovascular disease including altered lipid and lipoprotein profiles in the Moroccan urban women studied, some of these risk factors are associated with age. SN - 0954-3007 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16118656/Lipoprotein_profile_and_prevalence_of_cardiovascular_risk_factors_in_urban_Moroccan_women_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602251 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -