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Fifteen-year follow-up of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition depressive disorders: the prognostic significance of psychotic features.
Compr Psychiatry. 2005 Sep-Oct; 46(5):322-7.CP

Abstract

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV), after Kraepelin's original description of "manic-depressive insanity," embodied a broad concept of affective disorders including mood-congruent and mood-incongruent psychotic features. Controversial results have been reported about the prognostic significance of psychotic symptoms in depressive disorders challenging this broad concept of affective disorders. One hundred seventeen inpatients first hospitalized in 1980 to 1982 who retrospectively fulfilled the DSM-IV criteria for depressive disorders with mood-congruent or mood-incongruent psychotic features (n = 20), nonpsychotic depressive disorders (n = 33), or schizophrenia (n = 64) were followed up 15 years after their first hospitalization. Global functioning was recorded with the Global Assessment Scale; the clinical picture at follow-up was assessed using the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression, the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale, and the Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms. With respect to global functioning, clinical picture, and social impairment at follow-up, depressive disorders with psychotic features were similar to those without, but markedly different from schizophrenia. However, patients with psychotic depressive disorders experienced more rehospitalizations than those with nonpsychotic ones. The findings indicating low prognostic significance of psychotic symptoms in depressive disorders are in line with the broad concept of affective disorders in DSM-IV.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry, Ludwig-Maximilians University, D-80336 Munich, Germany. markus.jaeger@psy.med.uni-muenchen.deNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16122531

Citation

Jäger, Markus, et al. "Fifteen-year Follow-up of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition Depressive Disorders: the Prognostic Significance of Psychotic Features." Comprehensive Psychiatry, vol. 46, no. 5, 2005, pp. 322-7.
Jäger M, Bottlender R, Strauss A, et al. Fifteen-year follow-up of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition depressive disorders: the prognostic significance of psychotic features. Compr Psychiatry. 2005;46(5):322-7.
Jäger, M., Bottlender, R., Strauss, A., & Möller, H. J. (2005). Fifteen-year follow-up of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition depressive disorders: the prognostic significance of psychotic features. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 46(5), 322-7.
Jäger M, et al. Fifteen-year Follow-up of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition Depressive Disorders: the Prognostic Significance of Psychotic Features. Compr Psychiatry. 2005 Sep-Oct;46(5):322-7. PubMed PMID: 16122531.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Fifteen-year follow-up of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition depressive disorders: the prognostic significance of psychotic features. AU - Jäger,Markus, AU - Bottlender,Ronald, AU - Strauss,Anton, AU - Möller,Hans-Jürgen, PY - 2004/03/09/received PY - 2005/02/01/accepted PY - 2005/8/27/pubmed PY - 2005/12/21/medline PY - 2005/8/27/entrez SP - 322 EP - 7 JF - Comprehensive psychiatry JO - Compr Psychiatry VL - 46 IS - 5 N2 - Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV), after Kraepelin's original description of "manic-depressive insanity," embodied a broad concept of affective disorders including mood-congruent and mood-incongruent psychotic features. Controversial results have been reported about the prognostic significance of psychotic symptoms in depressive disorders challenging this broad concept of affective disorders. One hundred seventeen inpatients first hospitalized in 1980 to 1982 who retrospectively fulfilled the DSM-IV criteria for depressive disorders with mood-congruent or mood-incongruent psychotic features (n = 20), nonpsychotic depressive disorders (n = 33), or schizophrenia (n = 64) were followed up 15 years after their first hospitalization. Global functioning was recorded with the Global Assessment Scale; the clinical picture at follow-up was assessed using the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression, the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale, and the Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms. With respect to global functioning, clinical picture, and social impairment at follow-up, depressive disorders with psychotic features were similar to those without, but markedly different from schizophrenia. However, patients with psychotic depressive disorders experienced more rehospitalizations than those with nonpsychotic ones. The findings indicating low prognostic significance of psychotic symptoms in depressive disorders are in line with the broad concept of affective disorders in DSM-IV. SN - 0010-440X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16122531/Fifteen_year_follow_up_of_Diagnostic_and_Statistical_Manual_of_Mental_Disorders_Fourth_Edition_depressive_disorders:_the_prognostic_significance_of_psychotic_features_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0010-440X(05)00016-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -