Protection of oxidative preconditioning against apoptosis induced by H2O2 in PC12 cells: mechanisms via MMP, ROS, and Bcl-2.Brain Res 2005; 1057(1-2):57-64BR
The present study is designed to investigate the effects of preconditioning with different doses of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) on oxidative stress-induced apoptosis and the changes in mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) level, and expression of Bcl-2 during H2O2 preconditioning in rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells. It was shown that (1) H2O2 induced apoptosis in PC12 cells in a dose-dependent manner; (2) the preconditioning with 10 micromol L(-1) or 20 micromol L(-1) H2O2 can significantly protect PC12 cells against apoptosis induced by 50 or 100 micromol L(-1) H2O2, low (5 micromol L(-1)) and higher (30 micromol L(-1)) concentrations of H2O2 had no cytoprotections; (3) high concentration (100 micromol L(-1)) of H2O2 reduced MMP and expression of Bcl-2, and increased ROS level, but these effects were blocked by preconditioning with 10 micromol L(-1) H2O2; (4) the preconditioning with 10 micromol L(-1) H2O2 induced overexpression of Bcl-2. These results suggested that the preconditioning with low dose of H2O2 could protect the oxidative stress-induced PC12 cells apoptosis not only by preventing the reduction of MMP and expression of Bcl-2 as well as increase in ROS level, but also through overexpression of Bcl-2. It was indicated that overexpression of Bcl-2 may play a key role in the cytoprotection induced by preconditioning with low dose of H2O2 in PC12 cells.